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EIGHTEENTH CATALOGUE OF 
THE INTERNATIONAL YOUNG 
MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 
TRAINING SCHOOL, SPRING 
FIELD, MASS. 1902-1903. 



ANNOUNCEMENTS 1903-1904 



I1HWRS1TY flF »VU«CiS 



Index 



Admissiort, Requirements for 




Libraries 


23 


Anatomy 


A. 1 
to 


Loan Fund, Perpetual 


58 


Anthropometry 


AQ 


Location 


25 


Aquatics 


01 AA KCi 


Massage 


47 


Associations 


0< 


Matron 




Association Seminar, School 




Metnoos, otuay or 


35 


Publication 


Ol 
LI 


Normal Practice 


50 


Athletic Grounds 


00 


vjDjeci or ocnooi 


13 


x>iDie 


zy 


Pedagogy, Religious 


39 


Boys' Work, Course for 


51 


Physical Course 


40 


Buildings, School 


00 


Physical Diagnosis 


A*l 


Calendar 


A 


Physical Department, Theory of 


A(\ 


Chemistry 


A 1 
43 


Physical Department, Organiza- 




College Men 


Ly 


tion of 


AQ 
*ty 


Corporators* Trustees 


c 

'■"•'fr ■* 


Physical Examinations 


47 


Contributions 


Do 


Physical Training, History of ' 


44 


Conventions and Lectures 


11 
00 


Physics 


43 


bourse or otucty 


1/ 


Physiology 35, 


37, 44 


i^ngiisn 


"20 1Q 


Policy of School 


" 13 


Ethics 


38 


Practical Work 


39, 41 


Exercise, Philosophy of 


A 


Psychology 


31 


Exercise, Physiology of 


A C 

46 


Recitations, Practice, Examinations 56 


Exercise, Prescription of 


AS 


Religious Life 


27 


Expenses 


tr 
3D 


Schedule 


28 


Faculty 


/ 


Secretarial Course 


34 


-17- i j 


4*t, "to, DU 


Self Support 


56 


General Course 




Seminar, Secretarial 


37 


Graduate Course 


33 


Seminar, Physical 


47 


Gymnasium 22, 


44, 46, 50 


Senior Tour 


39 


History, Association 


31 


Sociology 


38 


History of School 


15 


Student Organizations 


57 


History, Christian 


30 


Student Publication 


58 


Hygiene 


44 


Students 


10 


Laboratories 


23 


Training Classes 


30 


Lecturers 


9 







Digitized by the Internet Archive 
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„AL 

YOUNG M. HRISTIAN ASSO 

CIATION TRAINING SCHOOL 

SPRINGFIELD, MASS. 

Founded in 1885 



902-I9O3 



With 



Announcements for 

March, 1903 



I 903-I 904 



c 



Regular meetings of the Trustees on the third Wednesdays 
of September and March, and on the second Friday in June. 

Annual meeting of the Corporation on the second Friday in 
June. 

School financial year, September 1 to August 31. 

1903 

January 6 — Tuesday, .... Beginning of Winter Term. 

March 20 — Friday, End of Winter Term. 

April 1 — Wednesday, .... Beginning of Spring Term. 

June 19 — Friday, Commencement Exercises. 

September 23— Wednesday, . . Beginning of Fall Term. 
December 18 — Friday, End of Fall Term. 



1904 

January 5 — Tuesday, .... Beginning of Winter Term. 

March 18 — Friday, End of Winter Term. 

March 22-24 — Tuesday-Thursday, . . New England Secre- 
taries' Conference (at the Dormitory Building). 
March 30 — Wednesday, .... Beginning of Spring Term. 
June 17 — Friday, Commencement Exercises. 

For information concerning the School, apply to President L. L. Doggett. 

Persons desiring special information concerning, or admission as stu- 
dents to, the Physical Course, are invited to correspond with Dr. James H. 
McCurdy. 



Corporators and Trustees 



The names of the Trustees are italicized. 



Australia, N. S. W., Sidney, David Walker. 

11 Victoria, Melbourne, H. A. Wilcox. 
France, Paris, E. Buscarlet. 
Germany, Berlin, Count Andreas Bernstorff. 
England, London, M. H. Hodder. 

W. H. Mills. 
" J. H. Putterill. 
Scotland, Edinburgh, R. H. Smith. 

Glasgow, W. M. Oatts. 
Hawaii, Honolulu, Hon. Henry Waterhouse. 
India, Madras, W. Reierson Arbuthnot. 

" Calcutta, T. D. Patton. 
Philippine Islands, Manila, Fred W. Atkinson. 
South Africa, Adams, Natal, George B. Cowles. 
Sweden, Stockholm, Baron Edward Barnekow. 
Switzerland, Geneva, Rev. Gustave Tophel. 
Manitoba, Winnipeg, R. J. Whitla. 
Ontario, Toronto, F. M. Pratt. 

44 11 Thomas S. Cole. 

" C. M. Copeland. 
" 44 Robert Kilgour. 

Ouebec, Montreal, D. A. Budge. 

D. W. Ross. 
F. W. Kelley. 
Alabama, Birmingham, James Bowron. 

44 " Joseph Hardie. 

California, San Francisco, H. J. McCoy. 
Colorado, Denver, Donald Fletcher. 
Connecticut, Bridgeport, Frank Russell, D. D. 
Hartford, T. A. Hildreth. 
44 Noel H. Jacks. 
" " Henry Roberts. 

New Britain, F. G. Piatt. 
New Haven, W. G. Lotze. 

H. L. Smith. 

District of Columbia, Washington, Merrill E. 
Gates. 

Florida, Winter Park, O. C. Morse. 
Georgia, Atlanta, W. Woods White. 
Illinois, Chicago, I. E. Brown. 

A. A. Stagg. 
" Robert Weidensall. 
Iowa, Des Moines, W. A. Magee. 

ik E. D. Sampson. 

Kansas, Leavenworth, James Naismith. 

Topeka, R. B. Gemmell. 
Kentucky, Louisville, J. L. Wheat. 
Maryland, Baltimore, W. H. Morriss. 

" Hagerstown, R. S. Crawford. 
Massachusetts, Boston, R. M. Armstrong. 

" 44 Charles A. Hopkins. 

G. W. Mehaffey. 

H. M. Moore. 
Campello, Preston B. Keith. 
Chicopee, James L. Pease. 
Fitchburg, Frederick Fosdick. 
Holyoke, C. W. Rider. 
Lynn,/. N. Smith. 

41 Henry P. Emerson. 
Maiden, George E. Day. 
Nantucket, K. A. Lawrence. 
Salem, Christian Lantz. 
.Springfield, Dr. W. F. Andrews. 

T. M. Ball let. 

Charles H. Barrows. 
" //. //. Bowman. 

J. T. Bowne. 

Geo. D. Chamberlain . 

Wm. Knowles Cooper. 



Massachusetts, Springfield, E. H. Cutler. 

L. L. Do?gett. 
J. L. Johnson. 
44 44 John McFethries. 

44 " Arthur G. Merriam. 

Rev. D. A. Reed. 
44 " C. H. Southworth. 

IV. F. Waterburv. 
A. B. Wallace. 
" Worcester, F. W. Teague. 

Wilbraham, W. R. Neivhall. 
Michigan, Detroit, H. G. Van Tuyl. 
Missouri, Kansas City, Witten McDonald. 

" " G. H. Winslow. 

New Hampshire, Concord, Allen Folger. 
New Jersey, Montclair, L. D. Wishard. 
" Morristown, A. W. Lunbeck. 

" Plainfield, C. W. McCutchen. 

" W. D. Murray. 
" Summit, Charles B. Grant. 

New York, Addison, Burton G. Winton. 
44 Albanv, Clarence Valentine. 

Brooklyn, F. B. Pratt. 

C. W. Dietrich. 
Luther Gulick, M. D. 
" 44 Fdwin F. See. 

Buffalo, S. M. Clement. 
44 Geneva, T. C. Maxwell. 

44 Jamestown, W. A. Keeler. 

44 Medina, W. A. Bowen. 

" New York, Frederick Billings. 

E. W. Booth. 

44 " Cephas Brainerd. 

44 44 Wm. T. Brown. 

J. W. Cook. 

44 C. C. Cuyler. 

44 H. D. Dickson. 

Rev. John H. Elliot. 
M " F. S. Goodman. 

44 44 George A. Hall. 

44 41 David McConaughy, Jr. 

44 44 Richard C. Morse. 

41 44 W. S. Richardson. 

F. B. Schenck. 

44 ■■ J. Gardner Smith, M. D. 

44 44 Erskine Uhl. 

4 4 4 1 George A. Warburton. 

41 44 A. J. D. Wedemeyer. 

Troy, H. S. Ludlow. 
No. Carolina, Davidson College, Prof. H. L. Smi 
Ohio, Cleveland, F. M. Barton. 

A. D. Hatfield. 
G. K. Shurtleff. 
44 Dayton, G. N. Bierce. 
Pennsylvania, Erie, C. W. Davenport. 

Philadelphia, Thos. DeWitt Cuyl 
44 Pittsburg, Benjamin Thaw. 

41 Scranton, H. M. Boies. 

C. H. Zehnder. 
Rhode Island, Providence, W. E. Colley. 
Tennessee, Chattanooga. J. B. Milligan. 
44 Knoxville, James H. Cowan. 
Nashville, W. R. Abbott. 
Texas, Dallas, A. F. Hardie. 
Vermont, Burlington, W. J. Van Patten. 

44 Montpelier, A. J. Howe. 
Virginia, Richmond, Joseph Bryan. 

44 14 L. A. Coulter. 

Washington, Seattle, E. C. Kilbourne. 



Officers and Committees 
1902-1903 



President 

L. L. DOGGETT, Ph. D Springfield, Mass. 

Vice President 

F. G. PLATT New Britain, Conn. 

Treasurer 

H. H. BOWMAN .' Springfield, Mass. 

Financial Secretary 
F. I. ELDRIDGE Springfield, Mass. 

Recording Secretary 
J. T. BOWNE Springfield, Mass. 

Auditor 

GEO. D. CHAMBERLAIN Springfield, Mass. 

Executive Committee 

DR. W. F. ANDREWS Springfield, Mass. 

F. G. PLATT New Britain, Conn. 

With the Treasurer, ex officio 

Property Committee 

JOHN McFETHRIES Springfield, Mass. 

GEO. D. CHAMBERLAIN Springfield, Mass. 

J. T. BOWNE Springfield, Mass. 

CFIAS. H. BARROWS Springfield, Mass. 

Investment Committee 

C. A. HOPKINS Boston, Mass. 

PRESTON B. KEITH . . .... Campello, Mass. 

H. H. BOWMAN . • Springfield, Mass. 

Committee on Instruction 

EDWIN F. SEE Brooklyn, N. Y. 

W. R. NEWHALL Wilbraham, Mass. 

T. M. BALLIET Springfield, Mass. 

H. M. MOORE Boston, Mass. 

R. C. MORSE New York City. 

Sue-Committee on Physical Course 

T. M. BALLIET Springfield, Mass. 

R. C. MORSE New York City. 



Members of he Faculty 



L. L. Doggett, Ph. D., President; History and Literature of the Young 
Men's Christian Association, Methods of Religions Work, 

60 Northampton Avenue. 

A. B., Oberlin College, 1886; assistant state secretary Ohio Young Men's Chris- 
tian Associations, 1888; student Union Seminary, 1889; B. D., Oberlin Theological 
Seminary, 1890; A. M., Oberlin College, 1890; general secretary town Young 
Men's Christian Association, Oberlin, 1890; assistant state secretary Ohio Young 
Men's Christian Associations, 1890-93; Ph. D., Leipsic University, 1895; state secre- 
tary Ohio Young Men's Christian Associations, 1895-6; president International 
Young Men's Christian Association Training School, Springfield, Mass., 1896—; 
author " History of the Young Men's Christian Association" Vol. L, 1896; "His- 
tory of the Boston Young Men's Christian Association," 1901; " Life of Robert R. 
McBurney," 1902. 

J. T. Bowne ; Librarian and Instructor in Association Methods, 

121 Northampton Avenue. 

In business, 1863-77; secretary Young Men's Christian Association, Hudson, N. 
Y., 1877-78; assistant secretary Brooklyn Association, 1878-80; secretary Newburgh, 
N. Y., Association, 1880-83; in charge of Secretarial Bureau of International Com- 
mittee, New York City, 1883-85; instructor and librarian Training School, Spring- 
field, Mass., 1885-—; founder Historical Library of the American Young Men's 
Christian Associations, 1S77; founder of the Secretaries' Insurance Alliance, 1889; 
joint editor of " Association Handbook," 1887-92; author "Decimal Classification 
for Association Publications," 1891; joint author "Decimal Classification for 
Physical Training," 1901. 

F. N. Seerley, B. Ph., M. D. ; Anatomy, Psychology, and Personal 
Work 180 Westford Avenue. 

General secretary Young Men's Christian Association, Iowa City, Iowa, 1883-85; 
general secretary Davenport, Iowa, Association, 1886-87; general "secretary Osh- 
kosh, Wis., Association, 1N88-89; student Training School, Springfield, Mass., L889- 
90; instructor Training School, 1890—; M. D., State University, Vermont, 1891: 
B. Ph., State University, Iowa, 1896; student Clark University Summer School 
three years; physical examiner and medical adviser Mount Hermon School, 
1894- ; physical examiner Wilbraham Academy, 1896— ; physical examiner Mon- 
son Academy, 1902—; member Springfield Board of Education, 1896—; editor 
Association Seminar, 1901—. 

PL M. Burr, B. A., B. D. ; Christian History and Sociology, 

250 Alden Street. 

B. A., Amherst College, 1885; B. D., Hartford Theological Seminary, 1888; 
assistant pastor of First Church, Lowell, Mass., 1889; pastor Park Church, 
Springfield, Mass., 1890-92; instructor in Training School, 19(12-; post-graduate 
work in sociology, economics, and psychology at Columbia University, 1897. 

J. H. McCurdy, M. D. ; Physiology, Physiology of Exercise, Gymnastics 
and Athletics 308 Eastern Avenue. 

Assistant secretary, Bangor, Me., 1887; physical director, Auburn, Me., 1888; 
student Training School, 1889-90; athletic and aquatic director New York City 
Association, 1891-94; M. D., New York University, 1893; physical and medical 
director Twenty-third Street Branch Association, 1893-95; instructor Training 
School, 1895—; graduate student in physiology of exercise, Harvard Medical 
School, 1896 and 1900; lecturer on physiology of exercise and on bibliographical 
methods in physical training, Harvard Summer School, 1902; joint author "Deci- 
mal Classification for Physical Training," 1901; "All-Round Indoor Test;" 
" American Lawn Hockey Rules." 



8 



W. G. Ballantine, D. D., LL. D. ; The Bible 321 St. James Avenue. 

A. B., Marietta College, 1868; A. M., 1874; graduate Union Theological Semi- 
nary, New York, 1872; student University of Leipsic, 1872-73; D. D., Marietta 
College, 1885; LL. D., Western Reserve University, 1891; assistant engineer Amer- 
ican Palestine Exploring Expedition, 1873; professor of chemistry and natural 
science, Ripon College, 1874-76; assistant professor of Greek, Indiana University, 
1876-78; professor of Greek and Hebrew, Oberlin Theological Seminary, 1878-81; 
professor of Old Testament language and literature, 1881-91 ; president Oberlin 
College, 1891-96; instructor Training School, 1897—; author of "Inductive Logic"; 
and "Inductive Bible Studies," published by the International Committee Young 
Men's Christian Associations. 



Wm. W. Hastings, Ph. D. 
Physical Training 



Anthropometry, History and Philosophy of 
174 Alden Street. 



A. B., Maryville College, 1886; secretary Young Men's Christian Association, 
Maryville, Tenn., 1887-88; graduate Union'Theological Seminary, 1891; graduate 
student New York University, 1889-91; assistant secretary Student Volunteer 
Movement for Foreign Missions, 1890-91; graduate student Union Theological 
Seminary and Columbia University, 1891-92; first assistant secretary Twenty- 
third Street Branch Association, New York City, 1892; representative Interna- 
tional Committee of Young Men's Christian Associations, Mexico, 1892; A. M., 
Maryville College, 1893; A. M., Haverford College, 1894; master Haverford Col- 
lege Grammar School, 1891-95; Ph. D., Haverford College, 1896; graduate Train- 
ing School, 1897; adjunct professor of physiology and hygiene, and head of the 
department of physical training, University of Nebraska, 1897-1900; instructor 
Training School, 1901— ; author of "Manual for Physical Measurements"; "A 
Series of Anthropometric Tables for All Ages"; "Card System of Physical 
Examinations." 



F. I. Eldridge; Financial Secretary 



180 Westford Avenue. 



Other Instructors 

Mrs. Carolyn D. Doggett, M. A. . . 60 Northampton Avenue. 

English Literature 

Elmer Berry, B. S. '02, Fellow '03 . . . . Dormitory Building. 
Physics, Chemistry, Gymnastics 

L. J. Marsh, B. A Dormitory Building. 

Rhetoric 

P. L. Reynolds, '03 Dormitory Building. 

Student Assistant Gymnastics, Athletics 

G. F. Thompson, '03 Dormitory Building. 

Student Assistant Gymnastics, Athletics, Fencing 

V. V. Roseboro, '03 Dormitory Building. 

Student Assistant Gymnastics, Athletics 

F. A. Henckel, '04 Dormitory Building. 

Student T eacher Gymnastics, Athletics 

W. H. Ball, '91, F. H. Foster, '94, D. W. Pollard, '02 Springfield, Mass. 

Alumni Coaches 



J. F. Simons 



Dormitory Building. 



Assistant Librarian 



9 

Special Lecturers 

Wm. Knowles Cooper, General Secretary . . Springfield, Mass. 
Methods of Religious Work 

Glen K. Shurtleff, General Secretary . . . Cleveland, Ohio. 
The General Secretary ; Association Advertising 

Edwin F. See, General Secretary .... Brooklyn, N. Y. 
The Social Department 

F. W. Pearsall, Assistant State Secretary . . New York City. 
Work Among Railroad Men; Personal Work 

Geo. S. Budd, Assistant State Secretary .... Boston, Mass. 

Educational Work 

Secretarial Visitors, 1902-1903 

Fred S. Goodman, Secretary International Committee. New York City. 
A. H. Whitford, General Secretary .... Buffalo, N. Y. 
L. L. Pierce, General Secretary .... Washington, D. C. 

Matron 

Mrs. D. H. Tucker Dormitory. 



Students 



Graduate 

Berry, Elmer (B. S.), '02, P Beaver City, Neb. 

Ball, William Henry, '91 P Springfield, Mass. 



Senior Class (1903) 



Ackerman, Elmer Garrett 


S 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Armstrong, J. Claude 


S 


Morristown, N. J. 


Bradshaw, Louis Charles 


S 


Kansas City, Mo. 


Bugbee, Frederick Fay 


P 


Monson, Mass. 


Clark, Thomas Arthur 


P 


Cleveland, Ohio. 


Colbert, Philip Maulsby 


S 


Baltimore, Md. 


Cowley, John T. 


p 


Cleveland, Ohio. 


Farnum, LeRoy Southard 


S 


Uxbridge, Mass. 


Goodyear, Ernest Fowler 


p 


West Haven, Conn. 


Green, Charles Andrew 


s 


Mechanicsville, N. Y. 


Joy, Bernard Manly 


s 


Denver, Colo. 


McLaren, George Allan 


p 


Forest, Ont. 


Merrill, Harry Wilcox 


s 


Lynn, Mass. 


Marsh, Lucien J. (A. B.) 


s 


Lincoln, Neb. 


Metts, Fred 


s 


Muncie, Ind. 


Reynolds, Percy 


p 


Fall River, Mass. 


Roseboro, Von V. 


p 


Cleveland, Ohio. 


Thompson, Gilbert Frank 


p 


Cleveland, Ohio. 


Wilder, David (A. B.) 


s 


Mobile, Ala. 


Woolworth, Porter Thompson 


s 


Cazenovia, N. Y. 



Twenty-two Seniors 



Middle Class (1904) 



Abbott, Samuel Edson P 

Barrier, Emile August P 

Bonnamaux, Charles P 

Buckland, Sanford Burton P 

Cunningham, Charles F. W. S 

Currier, William Gideon S 



Auburn, N. Y. 
Cambridge, Mass. 
Paris, France 
Youngstown, Ohio. 
Rochester, N. Y. 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

\ 



11 



Elliott, Edward Scott 


P 


Boston, Mass. 


Flanagan, T. Joseph 


S 


Rome, N. Y. 


Gray, John Henry 


P 


East Orange, N. J. 


Hamlin, Robert Pearson 


S 


Springfield, Mass. 


Hastings, Ernest Edwin 


p 


Lincoln, Neb. 


Hayes, Floyd Tomkins 


s 


Albany, N. Y. 


Henckel, Frederick August 


p 


Albany, N. Y. 


Holmes, Percy Kendall 


p 


Yarmouth, N. S. 


Laudenslager, Irvin A. 


s 


Valley View, Pa. 


Lewis, William Everett 


s 


Syracuse, N. Y. 


Little, John T. 


s 


Vancouver, B. C. 


Maier, August 


p 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Moraller, Erich 


s 


Plainfield, N. J. 


Mottle, Herbert 


s 


London, Ont. 


Pinneo, George M. 


p 


Llastings, Neb. 


Randel, Noble Phillips 


p 


Oneida, N. Y. 


Rath, James Arthur 


s 


Madras, India. 


Rea, Charles Taylor 


s 


Canton, Ohio. 


Russell, Howard W. 


s 


Baltimore, Md. 


Samson, Paul B. 


p 


Cedar Falls, Iowa. 


Scott, John Henry 


p 


Bridgeport, Conn. 


Seifert, Henry 


s 


New York City. 


Seymour, Roy F. 


p 


Syracuse, N. Y. 


Smith, S. Leroy (B. S.) 


s 


South Hadley, Ma; 


Stafford, James Walker 


s 


Hamilton, Ont. 


Thompson, Elmer Edwin 


s 


Boston, Mass. 


Vose, Edwin Whitcomb 


s 


Winchester, Mass. 


Wilber, Frank Blair 


p 


Scranton, Pa. 


Thi 


rty-four 


Middlers 



Junior Class (1905) 



*Ball, Robert Weller 


P 


West Haven, Conn. 


Botsford, Charles Selwyn 


P 


Manchester Center, 


Caskey, George Martin 


S 


Lynn, Mass. 


Cousins, Wilfred Seymour 


s 


Canso, N. S. 


Davis, William Cole 


p 


Rockbridge Baths, ^ 


Dawson, Arthur Bloomficld 


p 


Montreal, Que. 


Doyle, Burton 


p 


Cleveland, Ohio. 


Draper, Dexter Wright 


p 


South Boston, Mas 


Foster, Charles R. 


s 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


*Franchini, Benvenuto 


p 


Rome, Italy. 


Gilman, George Bertram 


s 


Swampscott, Mass. 


*Hanes, E. J. 


s 


Springfield, Mass. 


Hill, Frederick Calvin 


p 


Bridgeport, Conn. 


*Ketcham, George Edwin 


p 


Newark, N. J. 


Macpherson, William 


p 


Portland, Me. 



MacRoberts, Alexander 


12 
P 


Albany, N. Y. 


Marquardt, A. 


S 


Mount Hermon, Mass. 


Martin, Oscar 


p 


Dorchester, Mass. 


Maxwell, George Stewart 


p 


Bear River, N. S. 


Metzdorf, August E. 


p 


Cleveland, Ohio. 


Pest, Bohumil T. 


p 


Cleveland, Ohio. 


Ricketts, Warren J. 


p 


Kane, Pa. 


Robertson, Edward John 


p 


Fall River, Mass. 


Roy, John 


S 


Montreal, Que. 


*Saphore, Allen 


s 


Camden, N. J. 


♦Schaffrath, Max 


s 


Springfield, Mass. 


Smith, Roger Stowell 


p 


Keene, N. H. 


Steiner, Joseph A. 


s 


Milwaukee, Wis. 


Werner, George F. 


s 


Milwaukee, Wis. 


Zipp, Charles A., Jr. 


p 


Hartford, Conn. 



Thirty Juniors. 



S Secretarial Course. 
P Physical Course. 
* Partial Course. 



Object 



The Training School equips young men for the offices of 
General Secretary, Physical Director, Educational Director and 
Director of Boys' Work in the Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion. It prepares Christian young men for the physical director- 
ship in schools, academies, and colleges. Young men are also 
admitted who desire to fit themselves for Christian work among 
boys outside of the Association. 

Policy 

There are two conceptions of a technical school. One, that the 
instructors shall be men who, though devoting their chief energy 
to the work of their profession, are willing to take part of their 
time to meet students and direct their study. This method of 
imparting instruction was formerly almost universal. It has been 
as generally abandoned. In the trades, it was called the appren- 
tice system. Young men were bound out to master workmen of 
varying degrees of ability, who taught them simply to do as their 
fathers had done. This has been succeeded in Europe, and more 
recently in America, by the trades schools and industrial institutes, 
which not only teach better, but are constantly leading in im- 
proved methods of work. In the professions the development has 
been almost parallel. Formerly a student of law, medicine, or 
divinity was placed under the charge of a member of the profes- 
sion he was seeking to enter. The lawyer directed the reading of 
the law student, took him to court, and otherwise guided his work. 
But this method of professional preparation has been abandoned 
in Europe, and is fast passing here. It has been found that 
preparation for a life work is of such vital moment that it cannot 
be left to the casual hours of men who give their chief thought 
and energy elsewhere. 

But more important than this, the most successful schools are 
those which devote the greatest care to fundamental studies and 
principles, and only give actual work sufficient to illustrate these 
principles and secure the necessary skill. A man will have oppor- 
tunity to gain experience all his life, but lie is not likely to master 



15 



the principles of his calling after entering upon it. Actual ex- 
perience gives precedents, rather than guiding principles. This 
higher conception of a technical institution is an historical de- 
velopment. 

The Training School is built upon such a conception, and its 
history has already shown the wisdom of this policy. The leader- 
ship of the School in physical training and in work among boys, 
and its contributions to Association literature and methods, have 
given it a prominent place. In its early days, the trustees were 
compelled to employ men who gave only part of their time to 
teaching. It has greatly increased the efficiency of the School to 
have a faculty of specialists who devote their whole endeavor to 
its interests. Much of the original investigation done at the 
School appears in its publication, "The Association Seminar." 

The technical and professional schools to-day aim, also, both 
to train men and to advance the particular calling of which they 
are a part. The Training School has always recognized its obliga- 
tions to further the interests of the Young Men's Christian x\sso- 
ciations by an original study of the problems presented by work 
among young men and boys. This is a rich field for research and 
investigation. There is scarcely one of the technical courses of the 
curriculum but has been largely produced by the instructor. 

Historical Sketch 

The rapid extension of the Association movement between 
1870 and 1880, the erection of large buildings, and the marked 
increase in the size of individual Associations created a de- 
mand for trained men as officers. Assistant secretaryships, con- 
ferences, and general conventions were the first means of training. 
Afterwards candidates were sent to various secretaries for per- 
sonal training. About 1879, arrangements were made by the 
International Committee and the state committee of Pennsyl- 
vania, to have candidates for the secretaryship visit the Associa- 
tion at Harrisburg, Pa., for a period of from two to four weeks, 
that they might gain some practical acquaintance with methods 
of work. Twenty-six men visited this Association during the 
next three years. In June, 1880, Newburgh, N. V., was made a 



17 



training- station, where Mr. J. T. Bowne was secretary. Sixty- 
eight men visited this Association. During this period Pough- 
keepsie and Yonkers, N. Y., and Peoria, 111., were also added to 
the list of training stations. In addition to the growing demand 
for men there was a corresponding advance in requirements. 

It was in response to such appeals that this institution was 
founded by Rev. David Allen Reed, in Springfield, Mass., in 1885, 
in connection with the School for Christian Workers. Mr. J. T. 
Bowne, then one of the secretaries of the International Committee, 
was called to take charge of the secretarial department. In 1886 
the department for physical training was established under the 
direction of Dr. Luther Gulick. This department has prepared a 
large proportion of the physical directors now in Association 
work. In 1890, as the result of a demand from the Associations, 
the Training School was separately incorporated as the Inter- 
national Young Men's Christian Association Training School. 
The following year a desirable property, consisting of thirty acres 
of ground, bordering on Massasoit Lake, was purchased, and 
after an heroic effort funds were secured for a model gymnasium 
and athletic field. The pressing need of a dormitory and recita- 
tion hall was met by the erection, in 1895, of the present attractive 
headquarters of the institution. The School has a property valued 
at $1.25,000. 

With this external development there has been a less public 
but even more important internal evolution. A carefully shaped 
curriculum, extending over a three years' course and a competent 
faculty of specialists is the result. 

Course of Study 

The course of study as at first arranged covered two years. 
During 1895 this was extended to cover three years. This course 
aims to accomplish two things : First, to equip every student who 
comes to the School to be a leader in religious work for boys or 
young men ; second, to give him a technical knowledge of the 
work he expects to undertake in the Young Men's Christian 
Association. 

The institution stands for the most thorough specialization 



18 



accompanied with a generous liberal training. It would fit the 
student for something definite and at the same time give him some 
view of the broader fields of human culture. It seeks both cul- 
ture and power. In planning for the special studies for the various 
offices of the Young Men's Christian Association, the trustees 
have held the conviction that the aim of the institution should be 
to inculcate general principles rather than precedents or rules ; for 
example, the School aims to make men masters of the contents of 
the Scriptures rather than to give two or three courses which 



1 

1 








i 










ff* «f 










m 










. mmm J 



Dormitory Building. 



might be reproduced in an Association. It aims to make men who 
can produce their own Bible courses. 

It is remarkable in the technical courses how far the curriculum 
has gone beyond simply the study of methods, which was at first 
contemplated. Methods have not only held their place, but cover 
a far larger sphere than at first. The course has also advanced 
to study principles as already described, and in recent years has 
undertaken a scientific study of boys and young men — their habits, 
aptitudes, temptations, economic standing and religious life. In 
sociology extended studies have been made among the young men 



19 



and boys of Springfield regarding their economic and religious 
life. 

Since its inception, this institution has stood for what might 
be called the modern humanities. It has recognized the threefold 
nature of man — body, mind and spirit. This conception furnishes 
a philosophy for its curriculum. It is a guiding principle which 
gives unity and symmetry to its work. The four liberal studies 
pursued are history, social economics, English, and the study of 
the human mind. 




Gymnasium Building. 



The Training School has also stood for a high type of manliness 
in athletics. It has been an earnest advocate of clean sport and 
gentlemanliness on the athletic field and on the gymnasium floor. 

College Men 

The Training School offers a two years' course of study to col- 
lege graduates in the secretarial and physical courses. The Asso- 
ciation offers an inviting career for men with a college education, 
and in schools and colleges there is an increasing demand for well 



20 



equipped physical directors. The impression has prevailed among 
some that a college education without additional training is ade- 
quate for success in the general secretaryship, or the physical di- 
rectorship. This is not justified by experience. During the five 
years, 1S96-1900, two hundred and twenty-one college graduates 
entered the service of the Young Men's Christian Association as 
secretaries or physical directors, or in other positions. By Jan- 
uary 1, 1903, sixty-six per cent, or all but seventy-five of these 
men, had dropped out of Association service. Of these two hun- 
dred and twenty-one, one hundred and ten entered the work as 
general secretaries or assistant secretaries. On the first of Jan- 
uary, 1903, only twenty-six per cent, or twenty-nine, remained 
in these positions. In other words, less than one-third of the 
college graduates who entered city Association service during 
these five years are now engaged in the work. On the other 
hand, seventy-three per cent of the graduates of the secretarial 
course at the Training School during these years, 1896-1900, 
are now engaged as general secretaries or assistant secretaries. 
It is important that in addition to the training in college, a 
man should have a thorough training in methods of Association 
work, in the study of the Bible, and in the history and literature of 
the Association. He should also make a systematic study of the 
physical, mental, social, and religious characteristics of boys and 
young men. He should be trained as a religious leader, and 
should become a specialist in the great questions regarding young 
men and boys. 

Physical training offers to the college man the advantages of 
a comparatively new profession. The increase in the number of 
positions in Associations, preparatory schools, and colleges, dur- 
ing the last fifteen years has been about six hundred. This does 
not include any of those in the city schools. The Associations, 
schools, and colleges are searching for men of moral earnestness 
and Christian character, who have the necessary technical knowl- 
edge and executive ability. The present demand far exceeds the 
supply. 

The need of technical training is clearly shown by the fact that 
only nineteen per cent of the non-trained men, or those who 
enter through an apprenticeship, succeed. Of the college grad- 
uates entering the physical directorship without technical prepara- 



22 



tion, about twenty-three per cent succeed, while eighty-six per 
cent of the Training School graduates are successful. 

Buildings and Grounds 

The institution has been provided with a property admirably 
adapted to its purpose located on the shores of Massasoit Lake. 
Its grounds, fifteen minutes' ride from the Springfield Association, 
covers thirty acres of land, which together with the buildings is 
valued at $125,000. 

DORMITORY 

The dormitory building, which at present is used also for 
recitations, library, and offices, is an attractive four-story brick 
structure, overlooking the lake. The first floor contains the lec- 
ture hall, the parlor, known as the "Jubilee Room," the reading 
room, library and offices. 

The three upper floors contain two class rooms, sleeping rooms 
for sixty-four students, and on the fourth floor a dining hall and 
kitchen. Each floor is provided with lavatories and baths. In the 
basement there is provision for chemical, -physical and physiologi- 
cal laboratories, a bicycle room and store room, besides the furnace 
and engine rooms. 

GYMNASIUM 

The Training School possesses a model gymnasium, given by 
four of its friends, Colonel Charles A. Hopkins, Preston B. Keith, 
Benjamin Thaw, and the late Roland P. Hazard. The gym- 
nasium floor is forty-eight by seventy-four feet, free from posts, 
having the usual apparatus, and in addition, Swedish boms, hand- 
ball court, class climping ropes, seven needle baths with hot and 
cold water, lockers eighteen by eighteen by forty-eight inches with 
combination locks. It also contains two class rooms, examining 
rooms, and the physiological laboratory. 

ATHLETIC GROUNDS 

Adjoining the gymnasium, six acres have been set apart for 
athletic purposes. This has been equipped with a ball field, quar- 
ter-mile running and bicycle track, and tennis courts. As the 
number of students increased, it has been necessary to use the 
grounds on the north side of Alden Street, covering fourteen 



23 



acres, for athletic purposes. Foot ball and base ball teams are 
trained on these grounds, and they are used for other athletic 
work as well. The athletic field near the gymnasium is flooded 
during the winter for skating and ice hockey. 

BOAT HOUSE 

Through the efforts of the students and the generous gift of 
Mr. Frank Beebe, of Holyoke, a boat house was erected, in the 
fall of 1901, on the borders of Massasoit Lake. This boat house 
is equipped with a fine fleet of boats. Massasoit Lake, which is 
two miles in length, furnishes an admirable opportunity for train- 
ing in aquatics. The aquatic sports carried on by the students 
during Commencement week of last year were a very much appre- 
ciated feature. 

Laboratories 

The School possesses three laboratories : the oldest, a labora- 
tory for the study of physics and chemistry, gives special atten- 
tion to the study of the chemistry of digestion and the mechanics 
of the body. Recently two laboratories have been established 
in the physical course ; the physiological laboratory, for the study 
of the physiology of exercise, is equipped with ergographs, 
sphygmographs, sphygnomanometers, pneumographs, etc. Some 
progress has been made in the study of blood pressure and the 
effects of fatigue. The laboratory for histology is equipped with 
microscopes and a solar projection apparatus, which enables the 
entire class to do work in common. 

Libraries 

The library has become one of the most important features of 
the life of the School. No other department of the institution has 
increased more rapidly during the past five years. More than 
5,400 volumes are contained in the School library and upwards 
of 20,000 pamphlets and magazines bearing upon the subjects 
taught in the institution. 

The School is the custodian of the Historical Library of the 
American Young Men's Christian Associations, which is the 
largest collection in existence of books, pamphlets, and manu- 
scripts bearing especially upon work for young men and boys. Tt 



24 



contains some 40,000 publications. This furnishes to both stu- 
dents and faculty sources for extended original study of work for 
young men and boys. 

The institution also possesses the Gulick Collection of works 
on physical training, which is being added to from year to year. 
This is one of the choicest collections on physical training in 
English, and furnishes opportunity for original work on the part 
of the students. The reference library is open to the students at 
all times, and the lending section from 9 a. m. to 6 p. m. The 
reading room, always open, has on file six dailies, fifteen weeklies, 
fifty-three monthlies, and three quarterlies. 




Shop Meeting, Railroad Branch, Springfield, Mass. 

The Charles Stewart Anderson Memorial Library and Pub- 
lication Fund: This self-perpetuating endowment of $125, given 
by Charles A. Anderson, of New York City, is invested in text 
books used by students in the courses in anthropometry. The sale 
of these books is in the hands of the librarian of the Training 
School. They were purchased at the publishers' lowest discount, 
and the proceeds of their sale is to be devoted to the purchase of 
literature on anthropometry for the library, and to the publication 
of valuable monographs on this subject; The disposal of the earn- 
ings of this fund is in the hands of a joint committee, consisting of 
the librarian and the instructor in anthropometry. 

The Springfield Public Library of 125,000 volumes, one of the 
great circulating libraries of the country, is at the service of the 
students without expense. 



25 



Location 

The School is located in the Connecticut Valley in one of the 
most, beautiful of American cities, in close touch with some of the 
leading educational institutions of the new world. 

In no part of the world are there so many highly developed 
Young Men's Christian Associations as in the eastern section of 
the United States. The proximity of New York City with its 
varied work for young men, international, state, and local, fur- 
nishes an opportunity to see all forms of Association work in 
operation. The annual tour by the Senior class, the frequent 




Springfield Building. 



visits of Association leaders, attendance upon conventions and 
conferences, bring the student during the three years of his 
course into vital touch with the most aggressive phases of the 
Association movement. The New England Secretaries' Confer- 
ence meets annually at the Training School, and opportunities 
occur each year for attending conventions. Through the Massa- 
chusetts state committee, the students are frequently invited to 
take part in deputation days. The churches of Springfield gladly 
welcome the services of the students in Bible teaching, and in 
various forms of Christian work. 

The summer conferences at North field are within easy reach to 
students. The Training School stands for the most thorough prac- 
tical as well as theoretical training. The opportunities for partici- 
pating in the various phases of work for young men and boys are 



26 



abundant. Springfield is a city of 05,000 inhabitants, and is well 
equipped "Associationally." The Central Building, at State and 
Dwight Streets, is the $135,000 home of the Central Branch. This 
has 1,200 members and furnishes abundant opportunity to study a 
modern plant doing a widely extended work along all lines for the 
city young man. The boys' department has 200 members. The 
Sunday afternoon meetings for men and boys command large 
audiences. Shop Bible classes are in successful operation. Educa- 
tional work and Bible study departments are also well sustained. 
The Springfield Railroad Branch, the second oldest in New Eng- 
land, occupies a fine suite of rooms equipped with parlors, reading 




Holvoke Building. 



rooms, social rooms, bathing facilities and dormitory. Here a 
thoroughly aggressive work for the 1,000 men employed on the 
three railroads centering in Springfield is maintained. At the 
Round House in Merrick, on the West side of the Connecticut 
river, is the third branch of the Springfield Association. This is 
the oldest railroad work in New England, and conducts its work 
in the midst of the homes of railway employees, of whom there 
are more than 1,000 living adjacent to the present limited quar- 
ters. Committees of management administer the details of each 
branch, while the Board of Directors determine the general policy 
of the work, provide for the financial needs, and look after prop- 
erty interests. The total membership of branches, auxiliaries, sus- 
taining members, etc., exceeds 1,900. At the Training School a 
Student Association has been organized as a branch of the Spring- 



27 



field Association. An extensive work is carried on among boys by 
the students. 

The Holyoke Association has one of the finest buildings and 
gymnasiums in Western Massachusetts, and has a membership of 
nearly 900. Large educational and Bible study work is main- 
tained, and Sunday meetings are now run on strictly evangelistic 
basis and are successful. The boys' department maintains a boys' 
secretary for full time. Seventy-five men serve on committees. 
Aggressive work is being planned for the men in the mills and 
factories. 

The Westfield Association was founded in 1888 and incor- 
porated in 1891. It has a membership of 207. 

Religious Life 

The students and faculty, through prayer meetings, chapel ex- 
ercises, and the study of the Bible, strive to maintain an earnest, 
religious life in the institution. The week of prayer for young 
men in November, and the day of prayer for colleges, are ob- 
served. Speakers of special power in inspiring students are in- 
vited from time to time to visit the School. There is a spirit of 
mutual helpfulness and brotherliness among the young men which 
is a means of real religious training. 

The Association Seminar 

This publication aims to give an independent, up-to-date, scien- 
tific treatment of the problems of young manhood — spiritual, 
social, intellectual and physical. It publishes the original work 
which is being done by faculty and students. Problems of interest 
and importance in the Association are considered from the educa- 
tional standpoint — such contributions regarding Association 
events, outlook, policy, and problems as would naturally come 
from an educational center. The Seminar also contains Training 
School notes. It records what is going on at the institution and 
among the alumni, and aims to keep all those who are interested 
in touch with the School. 

The subscription price is $1.00. The editor in chief is Dr. F. N. 
Seerley, who is assisted by other members of the faculty. The 
business manager is Miss Isabel A. Richardson. 



SECRETARIAL COURSE. 



SENIOR MIDDLE JUNIOR 


FALL 


Training 
Class 
1 


Christian 
History 
5 


Physiol'gy 
5 


English 

5 




Gymnas'm 
Field 
10 


WINTER 




» 


« 


« 






SPRING 




« 


« 








FALL 




Old Test. 

5 


Adv. Eng. 2 
Associat 'n 
History 3 


Psychol'gy 
5 


Ethics 
5 




WINTER 


» 




« 




Phil, of 
Education 




SPRING 














FALL 


« 


New Test. 
5 


Economics 
5 


Ass'n 
Methods 

4 


Seminar 


Field W'rk 
in 

Sociology^ 
1 


WINTER 






Sociology 
5 








SPRING 


n 










Physical 
Departm 't 
Methods 
5 


PHYSICAL COURSE. 


SENIOR MIDDLE JUNIOR 


FALL 


Training 
Class 
1 


Christian 
History 
5 


English 2 
Chem. and 
Physics 3 


Anatomy 
4 




Gymnas'm 
Field 
10 


WINTER 














SPRING 














FALL 




Ass'n Hist. 
3 

P.Tr. Hist. 
•2 


Old Test. 
5 


Psychol'gy 
5 


Physiol'gy 
and 
Hygiene 
5 




WINTER 














SPRING 








Psychol'gy 
5 


Physiol'gy 




FALL 




Ph. Exam. 
Ant'r'p'y. 
Ph. Diag. 
5 


Phy. of Ex. 
5 

New Test. 
5 


Phil, of Ph. 
Training 
2 Lectures 
6 Research 


Seminar 
Ph.Train'g 
Theses 




WINTER 




Anthro- 
pometry 


New Test. 
5 








SPRING 




Pres. of Ex. 
Massage 
5 




Ph. Dept. 
Methods 
5 







The Curriculum 



The curriculum falls into two divisions : I. The General Course, em- 
bracing studies which underlie the work of an Association officer, and 
which are pursued by all students. This course aims to study principles 
and also to study the habits, characteristics, and lives of young men and 
boys. II. The Technical Courses, which give the knowledge and training 
for the particular department of work which the student expects to enter. 
These courses prepare for the general secretaryship, the physical director- 
ship of Young Men's Christian Associations and schools, the educational 
directorship, and the boys' secretaryship. 

I. General Course 

Faculty 

L. L. Doggett, President; History and Literature of the Young Men's 

Christian Association. 
F. N. Seerley ; Psychology, and Personal Work. 
H. M. Burr; Christian History. 
W. G. Ballantine; The Bible. 
L. J. Marsh; English. 

The general course, which forms the foundation of the curriculum, seeks 
to fit students to be leaders in spiritual work. It seeks to train each stu- 
dent to lead young men to Jesus Christ, and to teach the Bible. It aims 
to acquaint him with the Young Men's Christian Association and its field. 
It also seeks to broaden his intellectual horizon, to promote mental dis- 
cipline, and to familiarize him with the problems which a leader in Chris- 
tian work will meet in practical life. It falls into five divisions : i. Bib- 
lical Course. 2. Historical Course. 3. Psychology. 4. Course in Eng- 
lish and English Literature. 5. Conventions and Lectures. 6. Graduate 
Course. All students in the Junior and Middle years take the course in 
the gymnasium and on the field, described on pages 44 and 46. All students 
also take the course in physical department methods, described on page 49. 

1. Biblical Course 

(1) The Bible. (Dr. Ballantine, Middle and Senior years, five hours 
per week.) An essential of spiritual leadership is a knowledge of the 
Scriptures. This is fundamental in the preparation for any position in the 
Association. It is the aim of the institution that every student who enters 
its ranks shall gain a knowledge of the Bible, and it is believed that the 



30 



course here offered will prove attractive, not only to men who are pre- 
paring, but to men already in the service who may desire a course of 
special Bible study. Two years are devoted to a study of the text, one 
being given to the Old Testament and one to the New Testament. The 
student is expected to read each book in accordance with the directions of 
the instructor, to recite upon its facts and ideas in the class room, and to 
take notes of familiar lectures upon it. There are no formal lectures 
upon Biblical introduction and theology, but the topics commonly treated 
under those heads are incidentally brought to the student's attention while 
he is engaged upon the several books inductively. By the method used, the 
student gains from his own investigations a direct and comprehensive 
knowledge of each book in the Bible and of each Testament as a whole. 
The main outline of the progress of Hebrew civilization and history, and 
of divine revelation, are fixed in his mind. He attains a knowledge not of 
proof texts, but of connected series of events and inspired arguments, and 
chains of thought. In the unity of a total impression, the strength of every 
part is assured. 

In this way not only are the contents of the Scriptures mastered, but the 
mind is trained in the preparation of gospel addresses, etc.. and the inner 
spiritual life is quickened through the truth. It will be readily seen that 
this course does not aim to give courses that can be reproduced in the local 
Associations, but to give a comprehensive study of the entire body of the 
Scriptures, which will enable the student to lay out courses himself as may 
be necessary and equip him to be a teacher of the Bible. The attention of 
students desiring to fit themselves for instructors in the English Bible in 
colleges and schools is called to this course. It is believed to be unsur- 
passed in the thorough mastery it gives of the contents of the Scriptures. 

(2) The Training Classes and Methods of Christian Work. (Dr. 
Doggett, Junior and Senior years, one hour per week. Dr. Seerley, Middle 
year, one hour per week.) These classes have an intimate relation to the 
practical Christian work of the students during their entire course. The 
Junior year is devoted to the study of methods for dealing with individuals. 
The great questions of regeneration and the use of the Bible with the 
unsaved form the subject matter of this study. During the Middle year, 
the class studies the interviews of Jesus. This course accompanies the 
study of pedagogy, and is a study of the laws of mind as used by Jesus in 
his dealing with men. In the Senior year this hour is devoted to the study 
of the use of the Bible in public. Attention is given to the preparation of 
gospel addresses, Bible studies and the best methods of teaching Bible 
classes. 

2. Historical Course 

(1) The History of Christianity and Christian Civilization. (Mr. 
Burr, Junior year, five hours per week.) It is the aim of this course to 
familiarize the student with the great movements in the development of 
Christianity and Christian civilization. The first term is devoted to the 
study of the early and medieval Christianity, the second term to the 



31 



Reformation and the Protestant movement in Europe, and the third term 
to the movement in America and the history of missions. 

The work is carried on by lectures, carefully prepared courses of read- 
ing, and text books for special periods and topics. Special emphasis is laid 
on the courses of reading and topical study, so that the student becomes 
familiar with the masterpieces of historical literature. Recent additions to 
the department of history in the School library facilitate the work of this 
department. 

Students are expected to own "The History of the Christian Church," 
by Professor Fisher. 

(2) Association History and Literature. (Dr. Doggett, Middle year, 
three hours per week.) The aim of this course is to acquaint all students 
with the history and development of this great movement. Careful atten- 
tion is given to the forces in the church, and the conditions of social life 
which made such a movement necessary. The Association is studied, not 
as a local or national, but as a world-wide endeavor. In the first period, 
1844 to 1855, especial attention is given to the London work and its forma- 
tive influence. In the second period, 1855 to 1878, recognition of the leader- 
ship of the American work requires especial attention to the movement 
on this continent. In the third period, 1878 to the present time, more atten- 
tion is given to the spread of the movement throughout the world. This 
course studies the development of the Association, its organization and 
polity, its literature, and the fixed principles which govern its operation 
and its relation to the church. 

Students are expected to read and review the more important works 
which the leaders of the Young Men's Christian Association have produced. 

3. Course in Psychology 

(Dr. Seerley, Middle year, three terms, five hours per week.) This 
course occupies a full year, and is taken by all Middlers. The human 
mind is complex, and the aim is to study it from many view points, keep- 
ing constantly in mind the work for which the student is preparing. 

(1) Physiological Psychology. The course opens with a study of the 
nervous system. The brains of animals are dissected so the student may 
become acquainted with every part, and also demonstrate their relations. 
Sections of the entire human brain are available which have proven very 
helpful in studying the gross structure. The microscopes and micro-pro- 
jection apparatus enable the student to study the minute structure of 
every part as revealed in the many variously prepared and stained micro- 
scopic slides of the central nervous system. This is followed by a study 
of the special senses, their rise and development, their structure, their func- 
tion, and their localized culture in the central nervous system. A large 
number of laboratory experiments fixes the range of each special sense as 
well as calls attention to the many illusions which are liable to occur. The 
modern theory of localization of brain centres receives careful attention, 
with the latest applications. 

(2) Genetic Psychology. A course in the psychology of the child with 



32 



special reference to the laws of mental development. The seminary 
method is largely used, and each student is assigned special work which 
is later presented to the class. This gives him the practice of searching 
for information from original sources, and teaches him the method of 
presenting scientific data. The distribution of the subjects is largely gov- 
erned by the line of work for which each man is being prepared. If he is 
to become a boys' secretary, such topics are assigned as will make him best 
acquainted with boy life. This is also true of students who are to become 
physical directors and general secretaries. 

The human instincts receive careful attention under this head. A few 
are named to show the value of the work, but not to indicate the scope of 
it. Each is studied as to genesis in the animal world, relation to the strug- 
gle for existence, modifications as the scale of life is ascended, value in the 
development of manhood if properly used, and danger if improperly de- 
veloped or left undeveloped : fear, the fighting instinct, anger, plays, 
hunting, the gang instinct, sex instinct, hero 1 worship, imitation, the paren- 
tal instinct, and others. 

Under the head of the sex instinct, the subject of "personal purity" 
from the psychological standpoint is carefully considered, and each student 
learns to present this subject to an audience of men or boys, as well as how 
to deal with the individual who has become addicted to unfortunate habits. 

Heredity and degeneracy are also given an important place in this 
study. Attention is given to the introduction of disease, the use of alco- 
holic stimulants, the lack of proper food, etc., with their effects upon the 
child. An attempt is made to trace the dominating characteristics of the 
boy life during different periods of his development, so that treatment of 
him may be intelligent and helpful at all times. 

(3) General Psychology. Under this head are studied consciousness 
and the self ; attention and habit ; the intellect, including sensation, percep- 
tion, conception, apperception, and such complex mental processes as 
memory, imagination, judgment, thought and reasoning; the sensibilities, 
including the emotions, the affections and the desires, and volition or the 
will. 

(4) Psychic Phenomena. Under this head are treated suggestion, 
sleep, hypnosis, alterations of personality, dreams, hallucinations and illu- 
sions, and as far as possible are discovered the laws underlying the different 
systems of "faith cure." 

4. Course in English 

(Mr. Marsh, Junior year, five hours per week.) The ability to use the 
English language is of the utmost importance. Few men achieve such ex- 
cellence in English but that they covet the opportunity for further study. 
Throughout the course students are required to present papers and essays 
in different branches, which are revised and criticised by instructors. In 
the Junior year, five hours weekly are given to the study of English, and to 
composition. 



33 

Particular attention is given to public speaking in connection with the 
Literary Societies. These Societies meet weekly through the year. 

5. Conventions and Lectures 

(1) Conventions. The School aims, through conventions and con- 
ferences, to bring the students into touch with the current affairs of the 
Association. The state conventions of Massachusetts and Connecticut are 
frequently attended by delegations of the students, and opportunity often 
arises for students to attend the New York state convention. 

During March the New England Secretaries' Conference holds its ses- 
sion for three days at the School dormitory. This conference brings 
together the employed officers of the six New England states. The 
visitors lodge in the dormitory and are the guests of the students. This 
gathering furnishes an excellent opportunity to come in touch with present- 
day Association affairs. 

(2) Lectures. One of the most helpful means of keeping in touch with 
the active work of the Association is found in the lectures which from 
time to time are given by Association leaders and others. Following the 
list of the instructors, on page 9, are the names of the special lecturers 
and secretarial visitors for the current year. During the three years' 
course, including the senior tour, the student listens to presentations by 
about one hundred different Association leaders. The past year the fol- 
lowing addresses among others have been delivered : — 

Miss Mary E. Woolley, "The Aim of Education." 
John W. Hansel, "Training for the Secretaryship." 

F. S. Goodman, "The Religious Work of the Young Men's Christian 
Association." 

C. B. Willis, "Financial Principles Applied to Association Management." 

F. B. Smith, "Doing the Word of God." 

Lyman Beecher Sperry, "Desirable Qualifications for Association Leader- 
ship." 

Robert Gerry, "The Use of the Bible in Personal Work." 

G. K. Shurtleff, "The Secretaryship," and "The Opportunity of the 
Association Among the Industrial Classes." 

Dr. G. Stanley Hall, "The Influence of the Higher Races Upon the 
Lower." 

Joseph Lee, "The Educational Functions of the Playground." 

Dr. Luther Gulick, "Psychology of Exercise." 

Dr. Theodore Hough, "The Hygienic Aspects of Exercise." 

6. Graduate Course 

Graduates of the School, or those having done equivalent work else- 
where, will be allowed to pursue advanced work under one of the instruc- 
tors. The course must be laid out at the beginning of the year and ap- 
proved by the president. It will involve a major theme with minor allied 



34 

courses. The aim shall be in each case to do work of an original character. 
This work shall be embodied in a thesis, two copies of which, bound in 
cloth, must be presented to the School. By vote of the faculty, students 
completing this course will be recommended to the trustees for a diploma. 
One student in the Bible department and four in the physical department 
have taken this course. 



II. Technical Courses 

During the Junior year students pursue chiefly the general course, but 
from that time on, while a part of the time of each day is occupied with the 
general course, an increasing proportion of the student's time is put into 
special technical study in the department to which he intends to devote his 
life. These courses have been worked out with great care and are adapted 
from year to year to the growing demand of the Young Men's Christian 
Association. 

1. The Secretarial Course 

Faculty 

L. L. Doggett, President ; Secretarial Seminar. 
J. T. Bowne; Secretarial Methods. 
F. N. Seerley; Physiology. 

H. M. Burr; Sociology, and Philosophy of Education. 
Mrs. Carolyn D. Doggett; English Literature. 
L. J. Marsh ; English. 

Special Lecturers on Methods 

The secretarial course is the result of eighteen years of experience and 
testing. It is adapted to teach the student both the science and the art of 
the secretaryship. 

Students wishing to prepare for the secretaryship of railroad Associa- 
tions will follow this course, and will be assigned work bearing particularly 
upon the department to which they are to devote their lives. The two 
railroad Associations of Springfield and the School library furnish an 
opportunity for this purpose. 

Students wishing to fit for the religious work directorship will follow 
the regular secretarial course, and be assigned special work bearing upon 
this department, particularly in the preparation of a thesis. The same plan 
will be followed for men wishing to prepare for any of the various lines 
of secretarial work. The past year three students have been fitting for 
work among colored young men, two for work among seamen, and four 
for work among young men in foreign lands. 



33 



Physiology 

This course is arranged in recognition of the unity of man's threefold 
nature, with the conviction that the religion of Jesus Christ is adapted to 
redeem man in his entirety — body, mind and spirit. 

(Dr. Seerley, Junior year, five hours per week.) This study begins 
with a course of lectures, calculated to show man's place in the universe, 
including the unorganized and organized world, and to put him into rela- 
tion with these. 

A study of the body is then begun with the most simple analysis into 
trunk, limbs, head, and all that can be readily observed. 

This naturally leads to the study of the mechanics of the body. Then, 
by means of dissection of animals in the laboratory, the different systems 
making up the body (muscular, osseous, nervous, etc.,) and organs associ- 
ated in forming the apparatuses (circulatory, digestive, respiratory, repro- 
ductive, etc.,) are discovered. 

The student then picks out the muscles and names them, assisted by 
charts, demonstrations and experiments ; the bones, naming and classify- 
ing them, aided by the skeleton. Bone, muscle, nerve, etc., are then studied 
as regards function, structure and relations. 

In the same way every organ composing the several apparatuses is 
minutely studied till a complete analysis results. 

The student then collects and combines all the physiological properties 
possessed by all the tissues, and discovers that the original cell, from 
which developed this complex structure by the process of differentiation, 
possessed all these powers. 

A study of the growth and development of the body then naturally 
follows. Careful study is then given to the external and internal condi- 
tions which tend to promote health in this complex structure, as well as 
the best thing to do in case an injury should occur to any part of it. 

The Young Men's Christian Association 

(Mr. Bowne, Senior year, four hours per week, supplemented by special 
lecturers and annual tour of Associations.) 

(1) The Field and its Limits. The work, why needed. A definite 
work by and for young men. The aim distinctively religious. Relation to 
the church. Relation to other religious societies. 

(2) The Organization. When and how to organize. The constitu- 
tion. Branches and sub-organizations. The directors and officers. 

(3) The Membership. Classes. How to secure members. The mem- 
bership committee. How to retain members. Development of active 
members. The associate membership and its relations. 

(4) The General Secretary. His relation to churches and pastors, to 
officers, directors and committees, to other employees, to the business 
community, to his fellow secretaries. Accepting a call. Beginning work. 
Correspondence. System. Statistics. Studying human nature. Dress. 
Conversation. Economy. Health. Growth — spiritually, intellectually and 



35 



socially. Securing and training employed officers — demand and supply, 
methods of training. 

(5) The Association Home. Advantages of owning a building, loca- 
tion, arrangement, construction, equipment. The care of the home — 
repairs and safety, order and cleanliness. How to get a building — prepara- 
tory work, the canvass, cautions. The building movement — its beginning 
and growth. 

(6) The Business Management. Current finances — the annual bud- 
get, income, solicitation, collection, and disbursement, financial booking. 
Real estate and endowment funds — incorporation, trustees, endowment, 
debt, taxes, insurance, leases. Records and advertising — recording statis- 
tics, anniversaries, parlor conferences, printed matter, the bulletin, annual 
reports. 

(7) The Religious Department. (Wm. Knowles Cooper.) The Bible 
in Association Work: Individual study — objects, methods and helps; class 
study — a Bible class indispensable, relation of the general secretary, be- 
ginners', advanced and training classes, true place and appliances, the 
teacher, the class, the topics, preparing the lesson, teaching the lesson. 
Practical work with the unconverted — personal work, the evangelistic Bible 
class, the Bible in the evangelistic meeting, Bible readings. Religious 
meetings, etc. — the evangelistic meeting, other meetings at the rooms ; 
meetings outside the rooms — in boarding houses, in public institutions ; 
sermons to young men ; distribution of religious reading matter ; the in- 
vitation committee. 

(8) The Educational Department. The reading room — furniture, 
supervision, papers and periodicals. The library — its importance and place 
in the Association, how to develop, apartments and furniture, management, 
selecting and buying books, classification, cataloguing, shelf listing, bind- 
ing and repairing, advertising, registration and charging, reference books, 
courses of reading, aids to readers. Educational classes — the need, 
branches taught, adaptation, thoroughness, frequency of sessions, instruc- 
tors' class rooms, examinations. Literary societies, etc. — value, various 
forms of organization and work, how supervised. Lectures and talks — the 
use and abuse of lectures, home talent, practical talks. The educational 
director — qualifications, work and relationships. 

(9) The Physical Department. (Dr. McCurdy.) Aim of the depart- 
ment — health, education, recreation. Conditions under which a physical de- 
partment should be organized. Scientific equipment and methods — exam- 
inations, statistics, prescription of exercise. Practical equipment and 
methods — location and arrangement of gymnasium, bath and dressing 
rooms, outfit, methods. Outdoor work. The physical director. The de- 
partment committee. 

Note. For extensions of the theory and practice of physical work, see 
page 40. 

(10) The Social Department. The reception committee. The social 
rooms. Social entertainments. 

(11) The Department of Information and Relief. Boarding houses. 



37 



Employment bureau. Savings bureau. Benefit fund. Visiting the sick. 
Destitute young men. 

(12) The Boys' Department. Necessity, aim and benefit. Organiza- 
tion and relationships. Different classes of boys. Supervision. Methods 
and agencies — religious, educational, physical and social. 

(13) The Work among Special Classes of Men. College students — 
history, organization, methods, outgrowths. Railroad men — history, aim 
and benefits, organizations and finance, rooms and methods. Commercial 
travelers — the field, work and agencies. Other nationalities and races — the 
field, the German work, the colored work, etc. Miscellaneous classes- 
soldiers and sailors, mutes, lumbermen, firemen, street car employees, etc. 

(14) Women's Work for Young Men. Organization and methods. 

(15) State and Provincial Work. The state committee. Finances. 
The state secretary. The state convention — preparatory work by the state 
committee, preparatory work by the local Association, at the convention. 
The district work — the committee, conferences, intervisitation, correspond- 
ing members. The relation of the local Association and secretary to the 
general work of supervision and extension. 

(16) The American International Work. History and organization. 
The field. The work — supervision and extension, correspondence, publica- 
tion, securing and training employed officers, aid to building enterprises, 
aid in securing funds, aid to state and other conventions, help in disaster. 
Secretaries of the committee. International finances. International con- 
ventions. Day and week of prayer. Work among young men in foreign 
lands — policy, relationships, methods. 

(17) The World's Alliance. History, organization and work. 

Secretarial Seminar 

(Dr. Doggett.) The object of this course is to study the habits and 
lives of young men, to study at first hand the documentary sources of the 
Young Men's Christian Association, and to learn the art of original inves- 
tigation. Much of the success of the Young Men's Christian Association 
of the future will depend upon a scientific study of the habits and lives and 
characteristics of young men and boys. We need to know what young 
men are thinking about, how much money they earn, how they earn it and 
how they spend it, how they spend their leisure time, what is their social 
life, what is their religious life, how it should find expression, the tempta- 
tions of young men and boys and how to meet them. A rich unworked 
field is presented to the student in the many undeveloped themes in Asso- 
ciation history and by its unsolved problems. 

During the Middle year students in the secretarial and educational 
courses study themes akin to their departments. In the Senior year a 
thesis is prepared upon a theme agreed upon between the student and one 
of the instructors. Students are allowed to prepare a thesis with any of 
the instructors in the School. The thesis will be examined by a committee 
of the faculty consisting of Mr. H. M. Burr, Dr. J. H. McCurdy, and Dr. 
L. L. Doggett. The secretarial seminar will be held one evening each 
month. At this seminar each student will be expected to present his 



38 



thesis for criticism and discussion. Leading Association workers are also 
invited from time to time to address these gatherings. The appointments 
for the School year 1902-1903 are as follows: 

H. E. Dodge, general secretary, Warren, Pa., "Shop Bible Classes." 

Edwin F. See, general secretary, Brooklyn, N. Y., "The Social Work of 
the Young Men's Christian Association." 

E. G. Ackerman, "History of the Young Men's Christian Association's 
Work with Boys." 

J. C. Armstrong, "Present-day Tendencies in the Religious Work." 

L. C. Bradshaw, "History of the Religious Work of the Young Men's 
Christian Association in the United States." 

P. M. Colbert, "Why Men Leave the General Secretaryship." 

L. S. Farnum, "The Young Men's Christian Association as a Universal 
Organization." 

C. A. Green, "The Adaptation of Young Men's Christian Association 
Work to 'Merchant Seamen.' " 

B. M. Joy, "The Social Side of Association Work." 

H. W. Merrill, "The Advantages and Opportunities Which the Young 
Men's Christian Association has for Training Young Men for the Duties 
of Intelligent Citizenship." 

L. J. Marsh, "The Measurement of Respiratory Function — A Study of 
the Measurements Which Indicate this Function, and of Their Comparative 
Value." 

Fred Metts, "The Association's Relation to the Neglected Classes." 

David Wilder, "The Need of Young Men's Christian Association Work 
among Colored Young Men." 

P. T. Woolworth, "Possibilities of Young Men's Christian Association 
Work among Industrial Classes." 

Students in the seminar are expected to devote one hour daily during 
the Senior year to research. The historical and physical libraries available 
to students make this work of great value. For the first six weeks of the 
fall term Dr. Doggett will meet all Seniors once a week for a two-hour 
session to study methods of original investigation. 

Sociology 

(Mr. Burr, Senior year, two terms, five hours per week.) The aim of 
this course is to familiarize the student with the most serious economic 
and social problems which he will meet in his work among young men, and 
the fundamental economic and social laws which must be recognized in all 
reform movements. 

Ethics 

(Mr. Burr, Middle year, one term and a half, five hours per week.) The 
course combines lectures on the origin and growth of the moral nature and 
moral laws, class discussions of ethical problems in practical life, and 
courses of reading covering such topics as the history of ethical philosophy, 
the psychology of ethical feeling, the relation of ethical laws to physical 



39 

laws, and the relation of ethics and religion. The aim of the course is to 
assist in the construction of a scientific and effective philosophy of conduct. 

Religious Pedagogy 

(Seniors, one term and a half, five hours per week.) The course includes 
a short history of the development of educational philosophy and method, an 
analysis of the fundamental principles of modern education in their appli- 
cation to the problems of religious education. Special attention will be 
given to such studies of the religious life as have been made by Coe, Star- 
buck, Gulick, Barnes, and others. 

English Literature 

(Mrs. Doggett, Junior year, three terms, three hours per week.) The 
work in English and American literature is a study of the great art forms 
of literature and their relation to the epochs of national life. This will 
include a study of Chaucer, Shakespeare, Milton, Wordsworth, and Tenny- 
son, — the characteristics of the age in which they lived, and their relation 
to that age. Among the American writers studied are Cotton Mather, 
Jonathan Edwards, Daniel Webster, Irving, Emerson, and Hawthorne. 

Advanced English 

(Mr. Marsh, Middle year, two hours per week.) The work in the ad- 
vanced English course is a study of modern explanative and argumentative 
composition, with practice in writing and criticism. A brief study of the 
newspaper in its relation to the Association, with practice in reporting, in- 
terviewing, and editorial writing. 

Practical Work 

Unusual opportunities are offered for the practical work, and for getting 
an inside view of Association management. The Holyoke and Springfield 
Associations, with their beautiful buildings and large memberships, fur- 
nish every facility to see and participate in the various phases of Associa- 
tion activity. Through the Student Association, this service has been de- 
veloped into a three years' graded course. 

All are given practice in using the library, in preparing reports of com- 
mittees, minutes of meetings, items for newspapers and bulletins, printers' 
copy and proof reading, and are expected to attend each year at least two 
Association conventions. 

Delegations of students are assigned to conduct services for young men 
in neighboring towns and villages. 

Senior Tour. One of the most helpful experiences is a tour, covering 
ten days, of the Associations at Bridgeport, New Haven, Brooklyn, 
and New York City. This tour, taken under the direction of one of 
the faculty, gives an opportunity to study the actual workings of a large 
number of Associations. It is quite different from a convention where 
Association topics are discussed. On this tour, by arrangements before- 



40 



hand with the employed men of the Associations, from one-half hour to 
an hour's interview is held in the office in which the work is carried on. 
Last year some twenty different Associations and institutions were visited, 
and conferences were held with fifty different employed men on different 
phases of Association work. This included twelve directors of Associa- 
tion and college gymnasiums, twelve international and state secretaries, 
and twenty-six general secretaries of city Associations. The class was 
enabled to see the physical work in the gymnasiums of Yale and Columbia 
Universities, also in the Knickerbocker Athletic Club. 

Physical Training. Every secretary is given a thorough course in 
physical training, which continues through the first two years. A com- 
plete description of this course is given on pages 44 and 46. 

2. Physical Course 

Faculty 

J. H. McCurdy ; Physiology of Exercise, Gymnastics, Athletics. 
W. W. Hastings; History of Physical Training, Hygiene, Anthropometry, 
Massage, Gymnastics, Athletics. 

F. N. Seerley; Anatomy. 

Elmer Berry; Physics and Chemistry, Gymnastics, Athletics. 
P. L. Reynolds; Gymnastics, Athletics. 

G. F. Thompson; Gymnastics, Athletics and Fencing. 
V. V. Roseboro; Gymnastics and Athletics. 

F. A. Henckel; Gymnastics and Athletics. 

Theory 

Object. To furnish "normal Christian physical education" to those 
preparing to become directors of the physical work of the Young Men's 
Christian Associations, or colleges. 

The duties of a modern physical director demand that he shall be able 
to make an intelligent examination of the person who comes to him for ad- 
vice ; that he shall be able to wisely counsel with him in regard to food, 
clothing, sleep, work, exercise, and, in general, all those topics which are 
related to "living at one's best" ; to put men into the condition of highest 
vitality and effectiveness in any line, is his first work. He must take into 
account the intimate relationships existing between body and mind, and 
must understand their mutual effects. He must know how to prescribe 
exercise for the diseased who are often sent to him by physicians. He 
must be able to make his gymnasium a place of real recreation as well as 
of body building. 

To accomplish these various ends, he must know the body and its laws 
(anatomy, physiology and hygiene). He must have a detailed knowledge 
of the effects of exercise upon the body (physiology of exercise). He 
must know how to get men into the best condition for the performance of 
any physical effort (training). He must be acquainted with the funda- 



41 

mental relations existing between a man's reproductive system and his 
bodily, mental and spiritual states (personal purity). He should know 
what to do in case of accidents (first aid to the injured). He must be 
able to make an intelligent examination of the heart, lungs, and other 
organs (physical examination). He must know how to measure and test 
men, and how to study these measurements in groups (anthropometry). 
He must know how to prescribe exercise for those needing remedial gym- 
nastics sent to him by physicians (prescription of exercise). He must 
have at his service the experience of those of the past (history, literature, 
philosophy of physical training). He must be perfectly familiar with all 
the work which he is to use or teach (gymnastics, athletics, aquatics, 
games, sports, etc.). He must be familiar with details of the management 
of the physical department of the institution with which he will probably 
be connected (physical department of a Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation). Each student prepares a working bibliography of the subjects in 
the course. Instruction is given in bibliographical methods. 

Practice 

This course includes, in addition to instruction in the regular physical 
training branches, a carefully outlined course in normal teaching. The 
normal practice commences in the Junior year and is continued through 
the three years for students in the physical course, and through two years 
for secretarial students. This work is divided into two parts : first, that 
in the School itself; second, that in the surrounding Associations and 
clubs. The School normal practice is under the direct supervision of the 
instructors and occurs daily; for example, the Junior class in marching is 
divided into two squads with a teacher in the direction of each squad. 
This pedagogical practice occurs daily in addition to the course of lec- 
tures on gymnastic pedagogy. A recitation course in gymnastic nomencla- 
ture and athletic rules is given in connection with each year's floor and 
field work. 

The normal practice outside the School divides itself into three heads : 
First, those who are physical directors or assistants. Thirteen men are this 
year receiving this practice, and in addition are earning the whole or a 
part of their expenses. Second, those who are regular coaches in foot 
ball, basket ball and hockey. Six such positions have been filled this 
year. In addition to this, practice is given in officiating at games, such as 
foot ball, basket ball, etc. 

The aim is to qualify students as teachers of gymnastics, athletics and 
aquatics. A minimum of time will thus be spent in practice of mere feats 
of strength or skill in any of these branches. Emphasis is placed on the 
enthusiastic pushing of those exercises which are of chief value to the 
average man in the Associations. Muscular strength and coordination are 
to be developed only so far as they increase vitality. 

Every subject throughout the course is studied and practiced from the 
standpoint of its usefulness as a physical or moral agent in the peculiar 
conditions obtaining in the Young Men's Christian Associations. Class 



42 



rather than individual work, accordingly, is emphasized, and the elements 
of recreation and moral discipline are striven for. The work done in the 
Associations is rapidly evolving. The aim is to fit the student for the new 
movement rather than for the old. The progression in gymnastics, athlet- 
ics and aquatics will be as rapid as is consistent with thoroughness. 

The fall course in athletics consists of events which can be done on 
any level field with little expense for the preparation of the grounds. It is 
believed many Associations refrain from taking up athletics because they 
do not know of the excellent sports which require little apparatus. 

This course includes field evolution with calisthenics, hare and hound 
chases, cross country runs, foot ball, minton and field hockey. 

The spring athletic course takes up track and field events. Each stu- 
dent is taught the standard events and the best methods of coaching for 
each. 

The track events which are emphasized are the ioo-yard dash, 220, 
440, 880, the mile run and hurdling. The field events are pole vaulting, 
high jumping, broad jumping, shot putting, and hammer throwing. In- 
struction is given during the spring in base ball and golf. 

Physical instruction indoors progresses along the following lines : Clas*s 
evolutions, calisthenics, games, apparatus exercises, and indoor athletics. 

In class evolutions, the marching system by Mr. G. A. Cornell forms the 
basis for work. 

Calisthenics are taught, first, by giving the principal positions derived 
from the fundamental standing position and, second, by standard drills 
with dumb-bells, wands, bar bells, and Indian clubs. 

In games, basket ball and volley ball receive due attention ; also such 
gymnastic games as circle ball, three-deep, hand wrestling, Indian wrest- 
ling, etc. 

In apparatus exercises, instruction is given on the horizontal bar, 
parallel bars, German horse, Swedish bom, traveling rings, and pulley 
weights. 

Location. There is no part of the country where athletics are more 
fostered, where the college athletic teams are better trained, or where the 
local Young Men's Christian Associations are more vigorous in their 
physical work than in New England. 

The students visit the majority of the following named first-class gym- 
nasiums during their course : The Association Gymnasiums at Worcester, 
Boston, Cambridge, Holyoke, Hartford, New York— 23d Street, Harlem, 
Brooklyn. College Gymnasiums— harvard, Amherst, Yale, Columbia. 
Athletic Clubs— Boston Athletic Club, New York Athletic Club. Normal 
Schools of Gymnastics— -Boston Normal, Harvard, New Haven Normal 
School. 

Nowhere else in the country could this valuable experience be gained 
with so little expenditure of time and money. 

The fine building and gymnasium of the local Association afford illus- 
tration of a model work. 

The location of the School upon Massasoit Lake furnishes an excellent 



13 



opportunity for training in aquatics. The school possesses a good fleet 
of boats for this purpose. 

Junior Year 

Theory 

(1) Physics. (Mr. Berry, one term, three hours per week.) The 
work in physics is conducted as far as possible upon laboratory methods, 
the object of the course being: — 

To cultivate correct habits of thought and observation and to develop 
the true scientific spirit. 

To form a groundwork for the understanding of and research in sub- 
sequent studies — bodily mechanics, physiology of exercise, etc. 

The course consists of lectures, recitations and experiments, and in- 
cludes mechanics, dynamics, and molecular physics, considering the most 
important phenomena of matter — solid, liquid, gaseous — force, heat, mag- 
netism and electricity. The text book used is Wentworth and Hill's A 
Text Book of Physics. 

(2) Chemistry. (Mr. Berry, two terms, two hours per week.) In- 
struction in chemistry includes theory and practice. A large share of the 
work consists in laboratory exercises, intended to develop skill in use of 
apparatus, to give a practical working knowledge of representative ele- 
ments and their compounds, an insight into the nature of chemical phe- 
nomena and especially the power to learn of nature by observation and 
experiment. The course is divided into two parts : — 

(a) General inorganic chemistry, which treats mainly of such elements 
as are essential to the understanding of (b). 

(b) Organic chemistry, which consists of a series of illustrative experi- 
ments, based upon the course in Harvard Medical School, and endeavors 
to give the student a knowledge of the chemistry of foods, digestion, 
growth, metabolism, respiration, etc. The text book used is Long's Gen- 
eral Chemistry. 

(3) Anatomy. (Dr. Seerley, three terms, four hours per week.) 
Gross anatomy of the body and its parts. The body as a machine. This 
includes a study of the bones, articulations, muscles, muscle insertions, 
leverage, and of the combined action of muscles and mechanism of bodily 
movements, with special application to the movements of the fluids of the 
body, c. g., blood and lymph. Demonstration on individuals, of muscular 
origin, insertion and action with reference to erect carriage of the body. 
Microscopic anatomy of the organs of the body. Histology — a study of the 
microscopic structure of every part of the body. Based upon the fact that 
"function makes structure," the student secures a wide knowledge of the 
fundamental functions by knowing the fundamental structures. The stu- 
dent also makes sections for himself, thus becoming acquainted with the 
laboratory method of investigation. 



44 



Practice 

(Messrs. Berry, Henckel and Roseboro, three terms, two hours per 
day.) The Junior physical work is the same for all students. 

(1) Field. Instruction is given in field athletics, standing broad and 
running high jumps, shot putting, pole vaulting, running, base ball 
(batting, base running, fielding, and team practice), foot ball (ball passing, 
instruction in different positions, falling on the ball, and team practice), 
minton, field hockey, and cross country running. 

(2) Gymnasium. Instruction is given in plain marching, special at- 
tention being paid to the best formations for handling large classes. 
Maze running receives attention during this year. After a study of the 
typical gymnastic positions in calisthenic exercises, sample drills are 
taught with dumb-bells, heavy Indian clubs, pulley weights and elementary 
exercises on the heavy apparatus. Emphasis is laid on the hygienic work, 
which permits large classes to be handled effectively. Indoor athletics are 
taught during April. 

(3) Aquatics. Swimming and diving are taught. 

Middle Year 

Theory 

(1) Physiology. (Dr. McCurdy, two terms, five hours per week. 
Physiology of metabolism taught with hygiene in spring term.) Text 
Books: Foster, Text Book of Physiology; Stewart, Manual of Physiology 
with Practical Exercises. Collateral Reading: Schafer (editor), Text 
Book of Physiology. 

The instruction consists of recitations, lectures and laboratory work. 
The view-point of the course is towards physiology of exercise, personal 
hygiene and general massage rather than medicine ; for example, the les- 
son of the morning is on arterial pressure : the teacher, after questioning 
the class on the material for the day, strives to make clear the obscure 
points. This is followed by blood pressure tests of different members of 
the class during some types of exercise. 

(2) Personal Hygiene, including the physiology of metabolism. (Dr. 
Hastings, third term.) Text book for Physiology of Metabolism — 
Stewart's Manual of Physiology. Text books for Personal Hygiene. For 
special reference — Bissell's Manual of Hygiene ; Pyle's Personal Hygiene ; 
Parke's Practical Hygiene; Stevenson and Murphy's Treatise on Hygiene; 
Shaw's School Hygiene. Vitality and its problems ; the development of the 
vital functions — respiration, circulation, digestion, etc. Foods and dietary 
— sources, value, digestibility, etc. Stimulants and narcotics. Functions 
of the skin. Bathing and clothing. Climate and meteorology. Ventilation, 
heating, drainage and sanitary plumbing. Light and the eye. School 
hygiene. 

(3) History of Physical Training. (Dr. Hastings, three terms, two 
hours per week.) Each student in this course will select some subject, 



15 



make a study of it during the year and write a short paper. Dr. Hastings 
will give the following lectures: — 

(a) Greek Period. Ancient funeral games, their extent, range and 
significance. The funeral games over Patroelus ; also other references to 
sport found in the Iliad and the Odyssey of Homer. The place of the 
athletic games as related to Greek history. Historical development of the 
Olympic games ; their leading characteristics, — individual not group. The 
prize and honor system, and its effect upon the games. The rise and effect 
of professionalism. Greek ideas of exercise as related to health and edu- 
cation. Funeral games among the Romans, the rise of the Ludi Glad- 
iatori, and the gladiatorial combat. Place, influence, and the extent of the 
Roman games. The Roman baths. Physical training of the Roman army. 

(b) Medieval Period. Estimate placed upon the body by the Latin 
Fathers of the church. The divorce between the natural and the spiritual. 
Early sports among the Germans as reported by Tacitus. The rise of 
chivalry. The knightly tournaments of the Middle Ages ; their place, con- 
duct and influence. 

(c) The Dawn of the Modern Period. Mecurialis, his book "De 
arte Gymrfastica," and the medieval physicians. Place, work, and influence 
on physical training of Mulcaster, Locke, Rabelais, Luther, Milton, Fuller, 
Clias. 

The Emile — J. J. Rousseau. The influence of Rousseau on, and the 
relationship between, Basedow, Salzmann, Vieth, Guts Muths, Nachtegall, 
Jahn, Ling, Beck, Lieber. The influence and life of Guts Muths, Vieth and 
Nachtegall, Friedrich Ludwig Jahn. 

(d) The Modern Period. The development and characteristics of the 
German Turners ; their service in the Thirty Years' War. The organiza- 
tion and conduct of the Turnerbund. The present Turnerschaft, its ex- 
tent, organization and conduct. H. P. Ling and the fundamental charac- 
teristics of the Swedish gymnastics. "The Day's Order" and the "Gym- 
nastic Progression." Colonel Amoros, and the movement in France. The 
revival of interest. The new Olympic games. Baron Pierre de Coubertin. 
Place and influence of Delsarte. Play among the Anglo-Saxons. Early 
sport in England. The development and influence of group games, as 
shown by foot ball. Athletics in the universities and preparatory schools 
of England. Early history of foot ball, cricket, golf, lawn tennis. 

(e) The American Movement. The first interest in physical training, 
Capt. Partridge. The school at Round Hill, Harvard, Yale. The early 
manual training movement in schools. Life and influence of Dio Lewis. 
The new movement at Amherst, Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Mount Hol- 
yoke. The North American Gymnastic Union. Swedish gymnastics in 
America. Normal schools of physical training. The American Associa- 
tion for the Advancement of Physical Education. The leaders in physical 
training in America— Edward Hitchcock, D. A. Sargent, E. M. Hartwell. 
and others. The early physical training movement in the Associations. 
The early physical directors — Wm. Wood, Robert J. Roberts, Luther 
Gulick, and their influence. The Summer Schools and Physical Directors' 
Conferences. The Pentathlon. The Indoor Test. The Athletic League. 



46 



The Training Schools. Physical training papers in English — Physical 
Education Review, Mind and Body, Gymnastic and Athletic Review, Physi- 
cal Education, The Gymnasium. The Physical Department of the Inter- 
national Committee. 

Practice 

(1) Field. (Dr. Hastings, Messrs. Thompson and Reynolds, three 
terms, two hours per day.) Students are taught tennis, foot ball (punting, 
place, and drop kicking, tackling bag and team practice), and golf. In- 
struction is given in sprinting, hurdling, middle distance running, hop, step 
and jump, broad and high jumping, pole vaulting, and hammer throwing. 

(2) Gymnasium. The class continues the practice of marching begun 
in the Junior year, supplementing it with fancy marching. The wands, bar 
bells, and Indian clubs receive special attention. Intermediate exercises 
on the heavy apparatus consist of exercises adapted for leaders and classes 
in the intermediate grade. The athletic side of gymnastics is pushed, i. e., 
those exercises which require strong legs and trunk rather than those 
which demand large arms and shoulders. The methods of running group 
contests are taught during this year. 

Senior Year 

Theory 

(1) Physiology of Exercise. (Dr. McCurdy, one term, or five hours 
per week.) 

This course consists of lectures, laboratory work and recitations upon 
assigned subjects. The material for the lecture and recitation course is 
covered in part by the following books and periodicals : Lagrange, The 
Physiology of Bodily Exercise ; Treves, Physical Education ; Mosso, Life 
of Man in the High Alps ; Kolb, The Physiology of the Maximum of 
Sport; The Journal of Physiology (English); The American Journal of 
Physiology ; die Centralblatt fur Physiologic The laboratory section is 
made possible by the gifts of alumni and friends. This course includes in- 
struction in the technique of the sphygmograph, sphygmomanometer, pneu- 
mograph and ergograph. The major portion of the experimental work at 
present consists of studies of the effect of exercises of speed, strength, skill, 
and endurance on circulation, muscle and nerve. The instruments used are 
of the same pattern as the new ones recently introduced into- the physio- 
logical laboratory of the Harvard Medical School. In addition to these, 
others have been constructed by the Training School mechanic. The effect 
of exercises of speed, strength, skill and endurance on heart rate, pulse 
characteristics, and arterial pressure are studied in detail. In the fatigue 
studies with the ergograph, three types of instruments are used : the weight 
ergograph, the spring ergograph (istotonic method), and the spring ergo- 
graph (isometric method). On the days of laboratory work, an additional 
hour of class attendance will be expected of the student. 



J7 



(2) Physical Training Seminar. (Dr. McCurdy.) Once a month 
there will be held a seminar on advanced work in physical lines. At this 
time there will be presented original work done by the faculty, fellows, 
graduate students, and undergraduates, and occasionally by other special- 
ists. The seminar will aim to keep informed of all newer lines of work, 
publications, experiments, and the like. It is for all students in the physical 
course. 

Each Senior student will prepare a thesis upon some topic related to 
the course of study. This work must be done under the direct supervision 
and cooperation of one of the instructors. 

The title of this thesis shall be engrossed upon his diploma, and ranked 
either as satisfactory, worthy of praise, worthy of high praise, or as 
worthy of the highest praise. 

The two higher grades shall be given only for work that is original. 
The thesis must be completed before the spring term is begun. 

The appointments for the School year 1902-1903 are as follows : — 

Joseph Lee, "The Educational Function of the Playground." 
Dr. Luther Gulick, Pratt Institute High School, "Physiology of Ex- 
ercise." 

Dr. Theodore Hough, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, 
"The Hygienic Aspects of Exercise." 

Elmer Berry, "Bibliography of the English Literature of Physical 
Training." 

F. F. Bugbee, "Physical Training in the Correspondence Schools." 

T. A. Clark, "Daily Variation in Heart Rate and Weight Before and 
After Exercise." 

J. T. Cowley, "A. Manual of Intermediate Apparatus Exercises." 
E. F. Goodyear, "Bible Study among Boys and Young Men of Spring- 
field." 

G. A. McLaren, "Moral Effects of Physical Training." 
P. Reynolds, "Do Athletes Die Young?" 

V. V. Roseboro, "Some Phases of Psychology as Related to Physical 
Training." 

G. F. Thompson, "The Physical Directorship as a Profession in the 
Young Men's Christian Association." 

(3) Massage. (Dr. Hastings, third term, five hours per week for 
seven weeks.) Text book, Kleen's Handbook of Massage, supplemented 
by lectures and demonstration. 

(4) Physical Examination, Measurements and Strength Tests. (Dr. 
Hastings, first term, five hours per week, eight weeks.) Lectures and 
practice in taking measurements, strength tests, recording measurements, 
making graphical representation of development, etc. 

(5) Physical Diagnosis. (Dr. McCurdy, five hours per week, six 
weeks.) Text book. Study of the appearances, conditions, defects, and 
deformities likely to be met with in the examining room. Method of 
examining the heart, lungs, etc., to prepare the student to assume such re- 



4S 



sponsibilities as may properly rest upon the physical director, and to protect 
those who may come under his charge against unwise exercise and habits 
of life. 

(6) Anthropometry. (Dr. Hastings, first and second terms, five hours 
per week for fourteen weeks.) Origin of the science. Laws of human 
proportions. Statistical and diagnostic value of measurements. The use 
of anthropometric tables and the mathematical methods involved in 
making such tables. The average, mean, type, and ideal defined and dis- 
criminated. Laws of growth and the inter-relation of height, weight, 
lung capacity, and strength. Comparative value of strength tests. Mili- 
tary, college and public school anthropometry treated historically and 
practically through lectures, discussions, digests, and assigned readings. 
The whole process of the construction of anthropometric tables is demon- 
strated to the student, and in addition he spends two hours per week in the 
actual construction of such tables. 

(7) Prescription of Exercise. (Dr. Hastings, third term, five hours 
per week for seven weeks.) The adaptation of various forms of exercise 
to the needs of the individual. Exercise as affecting : — 

(a) Form. The thorax. Effect of prolapse of viscera. Methods for 
their restoration. Position of the shoulders, raising and lowering shoul- 
ders. Aetiology of unevenness. Shoulder blades flattening against the 
trunk. The building up of small parts. The reduction of fat. Spinal 
curvatures. 

(b) Vitality. Special need of exercise during present civilization. 
Neurasthenia. Deficient nutritive ability. Relation of exercise to vitality. 
Exercise with reference to temperament. Large versus small dosage. 

(c) Disease. Congestions: Hernia; Constipation; Cardiac weakness; 
Cardiac insufficiency; Partial paralysis; Indigestion. The writing out of 
prescriptions to suit special cases. Strength tests as a basis for pre- 
scription. 

The object of the course is to enable the student to prescribe exercise 
intelligently. In so far as this laps over the field of medical practice in the 
treatment of disease, the aim is to enable the student to take the general 
instructions of the physician, render them definite and carry them out 
effectively. The limitations of this treatment are carefully considered. 

(8) Philosophy of Exercise. (Dr. Hastings, first and second terms, 
lectures two hours per week, six hours' research.) During the year the 
following topics will be treated: — 

Physical Training and its Relationships. To biological science. In- 
ter-relationship of courses preparatory to the physical directorship. 

Racial Vitality. Causes of national health or lack of it. Historical 
examples — Hebrew, Greek, English, French, Spanish. Nationalization of 
health. 

Heredity. Theories of transmission of characteristics, physical and 
psychical. Acquired characteristics. Legislation attempts to promote the 
marriage of the vigorous. 



49 



Environment. Causes which tend to modify normal growth and develop- 
ment, summed up in the subjects belonging to natural hygiene, climate, 
air, water, etc., also many subjects belonging to public hygiene, the sanitary 
plumbing, lighting and ventilation of tenements, factories, shops, public 
schools, etc. 

Civilisation. Sociological conditions which affect organic vigor. 

The adoption of machinery as affecting the bodily development of the 
race. The progressive urbanization of civilized peoples. Urbanization as 
related to vitality. Specialization as affecting bodily vigor and develop- 
ment. The growth of school life as related to health and development. 
Devices of the day for increasing the amount of work an individual can do 
— the telephone, telegraph, stenographer, mail service, steam, etc. Diseases 
of occupation. The physical condition of the young men of the cities. 

Growth and Development. The human body as a mechanism, its charac- 
ter and normal functions. "Function makes structure" as applied to physi- 
cal training. Development by inherent rather than by external power and 
conditions. The human mind and the relation of the development of the 
muscular system to that of the brain and nervous system. Muscular as 
related to psychical force. Summary of physiology of exercise. Fatigue, 
neuro-muscular, volitional and emotional. Motor training in education. 
Adaptation of exercise to the stage of development. 

Types of Exercise, and their physiological and psychological effects. 
Their place in the restoration of normal function and in the promotion of 
normal growth and development. The plays of children and adolescents. 
The plays of adults. The plays of animals. The philosophy of play. Play 
as related to physical education. The place and limits of competition in 
physical training. The place and limits of specialization in physical train- 
ing. Track and field sports in physical training. Athletic games in physical 
training. Heavy gymnastics in physical training. Calisthenics in physical 
training. 

Methods, Practicability , Adaptation in lines of work. The exercise of 
men in groups. The limitations of games, competition, athletic records, 
etc. Characteristics of a day's work in physical training. Physical work 
for boys. Summer camps for boys. The philosophy, place and limitations 
of medical gymnastics. 

(9) Organisation of the Physical Department. (Dr. McCurdy, third 
term, five hours per week for six weeks.) During the spring term the 
following subjects will be considered: — 

The Gymnasium. Construction. Equipment. Organization. Advertis- 
ing teams, newspapers, prospectus, etc. Gymnastic pedagogy. 

The class studies the construction of the gymnasium, locker rooms,, 
bath rooms, bowling alleys ; also the construction and management of ath- 
letic grounds. 

Under equipment they will study the most approved methods of fitting 
up the gymnasium and grounds for physical exercise. 

Under organization, the physical department committee and its rela- 



50 



tion to the board of directors ; sub-committees ; leaders' corps ; athletic 
committee ; outing and Bible study committees. 
Advertising the physical department. 

Practice 

(Dr. McCurdy, three terms, two hours per day.) The Senior work 
includes normal practice, gymnastic theory and construction in advanced 
gymnastics. 

(1) Normal Practice. Normal practice consists in leading mass classes, 
in the outlining of exercises for different groups of people — boys, young 
men. and business men, and in the managing of the School's public exer- 
cises, sports and games. The Wednesday evening public normal practice 
has an attendance of one to three hundred visitors. The direction of the 
entire physical practice for the evening devolves upon some member of 
the class. On the following day the program of the preceding day is re- 
viewed, criticism is given of the matter presented and on the method of 
presentation, and the pedagogical errors of a technical nature are shown 
the pupil teacher. 

(2) Gymnastic Theory. Text books: Ehler, Gymnastic Nomencla- 
ture ; Fish, Calisthenic Nomenclature. Cornell, Gymnastic Marching. 
This section will include a study of gymnastic nomenclature with practical 
demonstration by the class. The construction of series of exercises for dif- 
ferent groups of individuals will receive attention. The order of develop- 
ment of the exercises for the individual lesson is studied in its physiological 
and* pedagogical aspects. From the abundance of physical exercises the 
teacher must be trained to select those which are scientifically correct, and 
in addition those having intrinsic interest in themselves. 

The lectures and recitations in gymnastic pedagogy will discuss the 
common faults in teachers, the best class formations, the essentials to be 
considered in the selection of "leaders." 

(3) Physical Practice. 

(a) Field. Students are taught hurdling (120 and 200 yards), walking, 
foot ball (team practice, coaching), and field hockey (team practice, 
coaching) . 

(b) Gymnasium. Instruction is given in such wrestling, sparring, 
and fencing exercises as are adapted to class work. Elementary tumbling 
is taught. Advanced exercises on the heavy apparatus are given. 

(c) Aquatics. Rowing in single and double gigs, also in four-oared 
working boats, is taught. 

Students are expected to attend each year two conventions : one of the 
Young Men's Christian Association, and the other of the American Asso- 
ciation for the Advancement of Physical Education. 



.-,1 



3. Courses for Directors of Boys' Work 

For some years the faculty of the School has been giving an increasing 
amount of attention to studying the problem of boys' work. Frequent 
articles have been published on the social and religious life of boys and on 
methods of helping them. So much interest has been manifested in this 
form of work that the subjects which are taught at the institution bearing 
upon work for boys are here grouped together into a separate course. 
They form an excellent course for preparation for the boys' secretaryship. 
Many of the leaders in this work are among the School's recent alumni. 
The library is equipped with the most up-to-date discussions of work for 
boys. Students preparing for boys' work will be expected to write a thesis 
and make original investigations upon some theme related to this subject. 
The special courses bearing upon boys' work are as follows :* 

(1) Boy Physiology and Psychology. Dr. Seerley. 

(2) Physiology of Exercise for Boys. Dr. McCurdy. 

(3) The Social Life of the Boy. Mr. Burr. 

(4) General Outline of Work for Boys (Lectures). 

(5) Physical Work for Boys. Dr. McCurdy. 

(6) Growth and Development of Boys. Dr. Hastings. 

(7) Apparatus for Physical Work for Boys. Dr. McCurdy. 

(8) Practical Work for Boys. 

(9) Nature Study. 

(1) . Boy Physiology and Psychology. (Dr. Seerley.) This subject is 
taught in connection with the general course in psychology, and can be 
found in detail on pages 32 and 35. It will be seen that attention is given 
under genetic psychology to the study of the laws of mental development 
as they appear in the boy and young man. The study of the human 
instincts receives careful attention. In this connection the subject of per- 
sonal purity from the psychological standpoint is presented,, also the influ- 
ence of heredity, degeneracy, and other important subjects. 

The course in physiology, which is described in detail on page 35, con- 
siders the laws of growth, and the conditions of the body at different 
stages of its development. 

(2) Physiology of Exercise for Boys. (Dr. McCurdy.) Instruction 
is given on the effect of different types of exercise on the physique of the 
growing boy. The heart rate, pulse characteristics, and blood pressure are 
carefully studied. The respiration is carefully treated in its relations to 
the different types of exercise. Various fatigue problems are considered 
in their relation to the growth and exercise of the boy. (See page 46.) 

(3) The Social Life of the Boy. (Mr. Burr.) 
(a) The social nature of the boy. 



* Secretaries specializing for boys' work will take up 1, 3, 4, 5, 7 and 8; physical 
directors specializing for boys' work, 1, 2, 4, 5, 7 and 8. 



(b) The social organizations of boys. Gangs, teams, clubs, etc. 

(c) Periods in the development of the social life of boys. 

The hunting period: the time of the bow and arrow and Indian play. 
The agricultural and pastoral period: time of especial interest in care of 
plants and animals. The constructive period : the time when the passion 
to make something shows itself. The competitive game stage: the time' 
when individuals play in groups, but without team play. The cooperative 
period : the time for the team play games — foot ball, base ball, hockey, etc. 
The altruistic period : the time when egoism is modified by altruism. 
Adolescence. 

(d) Practical suggestions as to the types of organization best fitted for 
boys in these various stages. 

(4) Methods. There is being a rapid development in methods of work 
among boys. In order that students in this course, and all students pre- 
paring for the secretaryship may have the latest conception of the best 
methods, arrangements have been made with a group of leaders in work 
among boys to give lectures upon the most successful methods of work. 
The School stands for the same ideal in boys' work as in work for men — 
that the work of the Association is to advance the kingdom of God, and 
that all the work must be carried on from the point of view of winning 
boys and young men to accept Christ. Special attention will be given to 
methods of helping boys in Christian living, in Bible study and in Christian 
work. 

(5) Physical Work for Boys. (Dr. McCurdy.) The course consists 
of instruction in the types of exercise best fitted for boys, and of normal 
practice in leading in gymnastics and sports for boys. The mass class 
work includes marching, free exercises, dumb-bells, clubs and bar bells. 
The work on the heavy apparatus includes only the hygienic work where 
momentary support is required. The course in indoor games includes 
team games like basket ball and hoop ball. Instruction is given in the 
various track and field sports, also in the different styles of swimming and 
diving. Splendid facilities are offered for ice sports on the lake adjoining 
the School, also on the School rink. Skating and ice sports are taught. 

(6) Growth and Development of Boys. (Dr. Hastings.) An under- 
standing of the physical boy is basal to the grasp of boy life as a whole. 
Correct discrimination and adaptation are the key to success in dealing 
with the problems of this formative period. Adaptation is conditioned 
upon a knowledge of the underlying laws of growth and development. 
These fundamental principles are to be studied along the following lines : 

(a) The Laws of Human Proportions, including a survey of the 
best existing standards of growth and development, the discussion of 
periods of retardation and acceleration of growth and of the relative devel- 
opment of height, weight and other physical qualities. 

(b) Mathematical methods employed in the construction of the an- 
thropometric tables used to set forth these laws of growth and de- 
velopment. 



53 



(c) The use of such tables in the graphical presentation of the devel- 
opment of the individual and of his deviations from the norm of his age 
and height. 

(d) The study of variable causes — heredity, exercise and environ- 
ment, which tend to produce divergence from typical development ; hered- 
ity, as indicated by nationality and occupation of parents, and by diseases 
of near relatives; exercise (regular work or play) ; environment, provided 
by playgrounds (street, yard, woods, field, etc.,) and by the location and 
hygienic conditions of the home, and other environment as far as it affects 
growth and development. (Secured through personal history blanks and 
through physical examinations.) 

(e) Physical Characteristics — physique, health, color, bodily defects, 
sense defects, motor ability, etc. (Secured through personal history 
blanks and through physical examinations.) 

(f) Physical Examinations, including physical measurements and physi- 
cal diagnosis. Especial attention will be given to the relative impor- 
tance of measurements, their diagnostic and statistical value, the value of 
strength tests as an index of vitality, the selection of a limited group of 
measurements best adapted to boys' work, methods of taking special tests, 
— eyesight, hearing, motor ability, etc., and to practical demonstration in 
taking ordinary measurements accurately, with and without the removal 
of clothing. 

(g) Prescription of Exercise, the adaptation of a system of exercise 
to the different periods of growth as well as special adaptation to the 
health, strength and peculiarities of the individual boy. 

(h) Vitality, as indicated by various vital coefficients, as related to 
muscular development and as promoted by environment and habits of life. 
Relation to play. 

(i) The Physical Basis of Mentality and Mental Efficiency. 

(j) The Physical Basis of Morality. (See outline of full courses in 
anthropometry, physical measurements, physical diagnosis, prescription of 
exercise, and philosophy of exercise, page 48.) 

(7) Apparatus for Physical Work for Boys. (Dr. McCurdy.) Lec- 
tures and discussion of the historical aspects of the subject from the point 
of view of preparatory schools, college settlements, boys' clubs, etc. ; of the 
minimum, the most valuable apparatus and that especially adapted to boys ; 
of the value of outdoor gymnasia and their construction ; of the equipment 
of indoor gymnasia, athletic fields, bath and locker rooms, etc., for boys. 
(See outline of full course on the organization of a physical department, 
page 49.) 

(8) Practical Work for Boys. A large number of the students are 
doing practical work for boys. Many of them have classes in the Sunday 
school which they hold together during the week days by outings, athletic 
and gymnastic games, and social gatherings. More than a hundred boys 
have been given athletic and gymnastic training on the School field by the 
students. Foot ball, hockey and social clubs have been formed among the 
boys of the neighborhood, and have proved successful in interesting and 



54 



disciplining the boys, and also bringing them within the circle of Christian 
influences and affording opportunity for personal work. The influence of 
this practical work upon the students themselves is most encouraging. In 
addition to these opportunities for doing work for boys, the students are 
fortunate in being able to study an unusually successful work for boys 
in the local Association, and also the work of the Springfield Boys' Club 
for working boys. 

(9) Nature Study. A number of the members of the club have gath- 
ered about them groups of boys whom they are trying to interest in the 
study of nature. Experience shows that such outdoor activity and study 
of living things is not merely good for body, mind and spirit, but is also 
in line with the natural interests and enthusiasms of the boy, and what is 
of supreme importance to us as Christians, to come nearer to the heart of 
Nature is to come nearer to the heart of God. 



General Information 



Requirements for Admission 

(1) The School is open only to Christian young men, over eighteen 
years of age, who have already shown ability in the direction of the work 
for which they wish to prepare. Each applicant must be a member in good 
standing of an evangelical church, and, if admitted, bring a certificate to 
this effect, and unite and work with some church of his choice in this city 
within the first term after his admission. 

(2) A good English education is required. A high school or college 
preparation is desirable before admission. College graduates and others 
will be credited on examination, or on presentation of satisfactory cer- 
tificates, with similar or equivalent work in other institutions. 

(3) All students upon entering must pass a physical examination. Can- 
didates for the physical course should do this before coming. 

(4) Business experience is considered very desirable for men entering 
the secretarial course. 

(5) Admission should be applied for at least two weeks before the 
opening o*f the school year (September 23, 1903), and students are ex- 
pected to be present at the opening exercises. 

(6) If at any time a student shows a lack of the prerequisites for suc- 
cess, he will be dismissed. 

(7) No one will be enrolled as a student unless he is taking two full 
courses. Persons desiring less work may be admitted as visitors, but 
cannot be rated as students. 

Estimate of Expenses for the School Year 

The following table is based upon the experience of the past five years : 



Table board, 


$100 00 to 


$125 00 


Furnished room with light and heat, 


50 00 


50 00 


Tuition, 


60 00 


60 00 


*Gymnasium suits, 


15 00 to 


40 00 


Washing, 


12 00 " 


20 00 


Text and note books, 


12 00 " 


30 00 


Laboratory supplies, 


6 00 " 


8 00 


Conventions, 


15 00 " 


t8 00 


Membership in local Association, 


2 00 " 


10 00 


Subscription to "Men," 


50 


50 




$272 50 


$361 50 


Diploma (Senior year), 


3 00 


3 00 


Senior trip, 


15 00 


15 00 



* Students arc advised not to purchase gymnasium or athletic suits before coming 
to the School, as the School has regulation colors and suits, which all are expected to 
wear. 



56 



Tuition is payable promptly on the last Monday in September and Jan- 
uary, one-half at each payment ; room rent on last Monday in each month. 
No reduction of rent will be made to a student who engages a room and 
fails to appear at the specified time, nor to one who vacates his room less 
than a month before the close of the school. Rent stops only when the 
room is vacated and the key delivered to the janitor. A deposit of fifty 
cents will be required for each key. It is suggested that each man bring 
exchange on New York or Boston, otherwise it may be necessary to pay 
discount. 

Each student lodging in the dormitory will care for his own room, 
which must be kept scrupulously clean. He will be expected to provide 
sheets, pillow slips, towels and soap. Beds are all single, three feet in 
width ; pillows, 18 x 25 inches. Rooms are liable to inspection. 

Sets consisting of four sheets, two pillow slips, four large linen towels, 
and two large bath towels, all hemmed, can be furnished by the School for 
$4.00, if ordered in advance. 

Recitations, Practice and Examinations 

Each student is expected to have at least three forty-five minute class- 
room exercises each day during five days of the week; also at least two 
hours' daily practice, according to the year and department, in gymnastics, 
athletics, laboratory work, or practical work in the Young Men's Christian 
Association. 

Examinations, either oral or written, are made at the option of each 
instructor. 

There is no school from Saturday noon until Monday noon. 

A Junior or Middler shall be eligible for promotion only after passing 
satisfactorily in every branch prescribed for the year covered, and upon 
approval of the president. 

A Senior will be recommended by the faculty to the trustees for gradu- 
ation only after passing satisfactorily in every branch of the course, and 
after presenting a thesis. Two neatly typewritten copies of each thesis 
(an original and first carbon copy on good linen paper 8 T / 2 x 11 inches), 
after acceptance by the faculty, shall be bound in "regulation binding" and 
filed with the librarian. It is desirable that each volume when bound shall 
not be less than half an inch in thickness, so as to be readily marked on 
the back. It is understood that the theses when produced are the property 
of the Training School, which shall have the right of publication. 

Conditions imposed in any subject must be met during the following 
term. 

All students are expected to be subscribers to "Association Men," and 
to be members in some Young Men's Christian Association in Springfield 
or vicinity. 

Self-Support 

Many of the students earn a large portion of the expenses of the course 
either during vacation or by securing work in the city on Saturday after- 



57 



noons and at odd times. The School is unable to offer aid to students. A 
small loan fund, however, has enabled quite a number of students to com- 
plete their course. The income from the Foss Fund of $1,000 is also avail- 
able for this purpose. A number find opportunity for work in connection 
with the buildings. Three to four are given teaching as assistants in the 
gymnasium, and a number secure positions in neighboring Associations. 
Candidates for admission who have insufficient means are invited to cor- 
respond with the president. 

Student Organizations 

The Student Association 

The Student Association was organized October 17, 1896. It has in 
view the following purposes: (1) To promote the spiritual growth of the 
students. (2) To encourage a spirit of Christian fellowship. (3) To pro- 
vide opportunity for definite Christian work throughout the city and neigh- 
boring towns. (4) To establish closer relation with the Inter-collegiate 
movement. 

The membership fee in the Student Association is two dollars per year. 
Additional expenses are met by subscription from friends of the students. 

The president of the Association would be glad to correspond with pros- 
pective students who may desire information of any kind. 

Lee Literary Society 

This society has entered upon the third year of its career, its first meet- 
ing being held January 8, 1901. Meetings are held every Monday evening, 
and are of a purely literary character. The society offers excellent oppor- 
tunities for improvement in the art of debate, literary composition, and skill 
in parliamentary practice. Membership is limited to twenty, in order that 
each member may have some part in the program once in two or three 
weeks. Officers are elected three times a year for the purpose of giving 
practice in presiding at these meetings. Special features are the joint inter- 
society debates in the Training School and with outside colleges. The prize 
debate which the society plans to hold annually acts as a stimulus to the 
work of each member during the season. The first debate of this sort was 
held December, 1902. 

McKinley Literary Society 

The aim of this society, organized October 8, 1901, is to train its mem- 
bers in the art of literary composition and debate, and give them a knowl- 
edge of parliamentary law. The meetings are held Monday evenings, with 
Dr. Ballantine as critic, and prove most helpful as well as pleasant gath- 
erings. The time given to this work has certainly brought large returns 
in increased ability to speak clearly, concisely, and in a pleasing manner 
before an audience, and in so doing supplies a long felt want in the lives 



58 



of the students. Its officers are: E. W. Vose, '02, president; W. G. 
Currier, '02, vice president; G. Maier, '02, secretary; E. Moraller, '02, 
treasurer. 

The International Lyceum 

The first meeting of this society was held January 8, 1902, and since that 
date it has become an important factor in the School life. A large and 
growing membership now utilize and enjoy the privileges it affords for 
public speaking and debate. Such training is regarded as an essential part 
of each student's equipment for future usefulness, and this society, as well 
as others, receives the hearty support of the faculty. The interest shown 
by Dr. Durgin, in accepting the office of critic, and the valued suggestions 
received through his friendly criticism, have been a source of great en- 
couragement and pleasure to the members and friends of this organization. 

Student Publication 

For nearly four years Nobody's Business has been the social medium of 
the School. It is published weekly by an editorial board consisting of one 
member from each class. Current School topics and questions between 
students and faculty are freely discussed on its pages. It also furnishes 
opportunity for composition and reporting along the line of practical 
editorial work. Bernard M. Joy, '03, R. S. Seymour, '04, and C. R. Foster, 
'05, are the present editors. 

Contributions 

To maintain the School's work on its present plane of efficiency, a 
yearly income of $20,000, aside from tuition fees and room rentals, is re- 
quired. Inquiries concerning the finances will receive prompt attention if 
addressed to L. L. Doggett, President, and remittances may be made pay- 
able to his order, or to H. H. Bowman, Treasurer. 

The Training School has a partial endowment fund of $50,000, which 
has been contributed by friends of the institution during the past three 
years. 

Bequest for Endowment 

I give and bequeath to the International Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation Training School, Springfield, Mass., the sum of 
to be safely invested by them and called the 

Fund. The interest of this fund to be applied to the use of the School. 

Perpetual Loan Fund 

For the purpose of founding a perpetual loan fund in the International 
Young Men's Christian Association Training School, Springfield, Mass., 
[or any of its departments, if so stated], I hereby give the sum of five 
thousand dollars — or its equivalent in good securities at cash value — to be 
safely invested by them, the income to be loaned toward the education of 
students who have already shown ability in the School. 



THE ASSOCIATION SEMINAR 



Is a publication which discusses in a scientific manner the 
problems related to the work of the Young Men's Christian 
Association. It also studies the character of young men and 
boys. Subscription price, 

$1.00 per year — ten issues. Send for sample. 



The SEMINAR PUBLISHING CO., - - Springfield, Massachusetts 



ASSOCIATION MEN! 



YOU know the value of good books. You are using them 
all the time. You are trying to keep up with the times. 
You cannot do it without books. Many valuable ones 
are being published all the time, and some of these you must 
have. Some of the best of them are being reviewed in the 
"Association Seminar" every month. We have made arrangements to sup- 
ply all such on short notice, so you know where you can secure them at once. 

We are making Young Men a study, for they are the most important 
class in the community, and we propose to help the Associations by provid- 
ing the books which treat of all phases of character as well as the problems 
of relationship) "What a Young Man Ought to Know" and "What a 
Young Husband Ought to Know," by Stall; " The Varieties of Religious 
Experience," by James; "The Spiritual Life," by Coe; "Constructive and 
Preventive Philanthropy," by Lee; "The Social Unrest," by Bank; 
"Americans in Process," by Woods, might be called samples. Mail orders 
given special attention. 




HENRY R. JOHNSON, SPRINGFIELD, MASS. 



HOMER FOOT & CO., Incorporated 

Established 1831 



Hardware, Iron and Steel- 



Builder's Supplies 



Machinist's and Carpenter's Tools 
Fine Cutlery, Shears and Razors 



Old Corner MAIN and STATE past seventy years 



BARN EY& BERRY'S 



I C E 



SKATES 



ALL 

STYLES 



In particular favor with Hockey players is our 



SAFETY EDGE HOCKEY. 

Patented June 7, 1898. 




than which there is no better. Few as good. Ask the users. 
We want every Training School man and his friends to get 
acquainted with our line. 



Catalogue upon re 
quest, and if you 
dealer hasn't the 
style you desire 
we'll sell you direct. 



BARNEY & BERRY 

Springfield Mass." 




1 

ON 
ON 



FOUNDATI 
OF EDUCATIC 

Webster's International Dictionary 
is the one book which may truly be 
called Lh'e Foundation of Education. 

Io is more generally used in schools 
than any other dictionary. It has been 
selected in every instance where State 
purchases have been made for the sup- 
ply of schools. It is commended by all 
the State Superintendents of Schools 
now in office, by nearly all the College 
Presidents, City and County Superin- 
tendents, the Principals of Normal 
Schools and a host of teachers. 

The new and enlarged edition of the 
International has not only the latest 
and most authoritative vocabulary of 
the English language, but contains in 
its appendix complete dictionaries of biography, geography, fiction, etc. 

Under the editorship of W. T. HARRIS, Ph.D., LL.D., U. S. Commissioner of Educa- 
tion, 25,000 new words and phrases have recently been added. This fine quarto work 
has 2864 pages with 5000 illustrations, and is printed from new plates throughout. 

LET US SEND YOU FREE 

our Chart of English Sounds and a test in pronunciation called An Orthoepic Melange, 
both valuable helps in the schoolroom. 

Illustrated pamphlet with specimen pages and testimonials also free. 

G. & C. MERRIAM CO., Publishers, Springfield, Mass. 



Springfield, 

IP^Our name is on the title-pages of all dictionaries of the Webster series. 



SELL ELITE SHOES MEN 

$3.50 and $4.00 

The ELITES have style, fit, comfort and service. 
N. B. Tennis and Gym Oxfords, black and white, 50 cts. 



MORSE & HAYNES, 382 M s A ^™o, MAS , 



NOTICE TO 

NEW STUDENTS 

, . or Students returning to school 

MARGESON'S HIGHLAND EXPRESS 

Special price and prompt service 
Bring your Baggage Checks to Dormitory. Telephone S96-13 



Our Men's Furnishing Store 

We have a complete men's furnishing store. You will 
find here a stock of haberdashery that is worthy of your 
most careful consideration. The merchandise we offer is 
selected by experts and is correct in style and materials — 
and the prices are our own fair ones. 

FORBES & WALLACE, Springfield, Mass. 



Clothing, Hats, Furnishings, Shoes 

Head-to-foot Clothiers 

NGFIELD MASSACHUSETTS 



STILLMAN B. CALL 

ATHLETIC OUTFITTER 

244 Main St., SPRINGFIELD, MASS. 

BASE-BALL, Lawn Tennis, Foot-Ball, 
Gymnasium, Basket Ball and Polo 
Outfits. Nothing too difficult for us to 
make in knit goods. Fancy and original 
designs in Jerseys, one-quarter and sleeve- 
less shirts, knee tights, full tights and 
stockings. 




Largest stock of Knit Goods and Athletic Shoes in Western Massachusetts 
Basket Ball Suits and Gymnasium Suits, including shoes, from $r.5o up. 




Special prices ?i 
team, school or club 
orders. Send for 
catalogue. 




We Call For 
Prescriptions 
and Deliver 
the Medicine 



YOU don't have to go out of your house 
to get any drug store articles needed. 
Just call us up by telephone No. 523, 
and our messenger will come right out after 
the prescription and deliver the medicine; 
or you can tell us by 'Phone what you wish 
and we will deliver it subject to your ap- 
proval; returnable if not satisfactory. Try 
this way of buying. 



WHEELER'S 

802 State Street, 



DRUG STORE 

SPRINGFIELD, MASS 



Gymnastic Apparatus, Running Tracks, 
Lockers, Bowling Alleys 

WRITE FOR CATALOGS 

NARRAGANSETT MACHINE CO., Providence, R. I. 





CHAS. L. BROWN J. R. ALBEE 






The City Laundry 






PAR EXCELLENCE 


V 


M 


19 Lyman St., Springfield, Mass. Telephone 











C. ROGERS & CO. 

P TIC IAN S 

445 Main Street, SPRINGFIELD, MASS 




DEALERS IN 

Photographic 
Supplies "^g^ 









S. C. SCANTLEBURY, Eye Refractionist 

Skillful, Accurate, Reliable 
LENS GRINDING department connected with office 

Quick Repairing Telephone 1067-3 

68 Bridge Street, near Main, SPRINGFIELD, MASS. 



Insure with CONE & SHERWOOD 

307 Main Street, SPRINGFIELD, MASS. 

Only first class companies represented 

Rates as low as the lowest 



E. L. Hildreth & Company, Brattle- 
boro, Vt., printed this catalogue- 
in fact, they are continually printing 
catalogues, magazines, booklets, and 
kindred things. Their complete 
plant and more than twenty years' 
experience in this particular line fit 
them to serve all patrons properly 
and promptly. 



The "Improved" Shuffle Board 

Patented All Rights Reserved 
For Y. M. C. A.'S, BOYS' CLUBS, CHURCHES, HOTELS, ATHLETIC CLUBS 

MAIN POINTS: 

Exercise 





Speed 
Skill 

No Dirt 
Easily Moved 

The above is not a "picture" group, but shows fairly an average evening No Grating Noise 
around this most popular of games. 

It is away ahead of anything we ever had before 



"WHAT THEY SAY' 



" It is going to be a good drawing card." 

A. T. HOFFSOMMER, Tarentum, Pa. 
"The ' Improved ' Shuffle Board is the most popu- 
lar game we ever had and has done much good." 

EL B. HAWKINS, Frostburg, Md. 
"I wish to say that the Shuffle Board is more 
than satisfactory, and continues to be very popular 
with the members." 

PHIL. BEERS, Duluth, Minn. 



in the shape of a game. They all play it from the 
i Ju 



youngest Junior to the oldest Senior. 

W. L. RADOLIFFE, Cumberland, Md. 
"1 hare heard so much about that game, that if 
possible we must have it." 

FRED. WITHAM, Boise, Idaho. 
" We are very much pleased with the ' Improved ' 
Shuffle Boards, and are thinking of getting another 
for our Boys' Department also. Another club here 
will send an order soon." 

A. H. DADMUN, Auburn, N. Y. 

For Rules and General Information, Including Price List, address (WITH STAMPS), 

THE - IMPROVED" SHUFFLE BOARD COMPANY, Springfield, Mass. 



HOW'BOUTYOUR 
FLOOR FINISH? 




ALE'S FLOOR GLASS is most durable 
for use on hardwood and painted floors. 



It is not affected by hot or cold water, 
or when washed with soap and water; dries 
very hard and retains its gloss for an extremely 
long time. It will not crack or peel off. One 
coat will double the "life " of a linoleum or oil 
cloth floor, and will prevent its fading. When 
used on parlor, hall, dining room, kitchen or 
piazza floors, there is no trouble in keeping 
them bright and clean. For use in finishing 
bath rooms, it has no equal. 

We furnish men to apply HALE'S FLOOR 
GLASS accommodating our application to your 
convenience. 

Have your kitchen done over after the house- 
hold work is done. 'Twill be hard the next 
morning. 



WALL PAPER 
ALABASTINE 
ROOM MOULDINGS 
CARPETINGS 
WINDOW SHADES 
LACE CURTAINS 
DRAPERY 
OIL CLOTH 
LINOLEUMS 



RUGS AND MATS 
MATTINGS 
CARPET TACKS and 
SUNDRIES 
RUBBER for all 
FLOOR USES 
LINCRUSTAS 
BURLAPS 



EA LI A I C CARPETS AND 

. /\ . n /\ L JC WALL PAPERS 

191-195 Worthington Street, SPRINGFIELD, MASS. 



L. L. Doggett, Ph. D., President F. G. Platt. Vice-President 

H. H. Bowman, Treasurer 



International 

Young Men's Christian Association Training School 

Springf-eld, Massachusetts 



January 9, 1903. 

Mr. E. A. Hale, 

Springfield, Mass. ' 
Dear Sir:— 

Your floor oil has proved very satisfactory for our 
gymnasium floor. 

Sincerely yours, 

(Signed) J. H. McCURDY. 



Springfield, Mass., January 13, 1903. 

Mr. E. A. Hale, .": • y 

Springfield, Mass. 

Dear Sir: — 

Having used your floor oil for the past three years 
on the floors of the Young Men's Christian Association 
Training School building, would add my testimony to its 
value on any floor that has to be swept, as it saves time 
and expense. It is the finest oil I ever saw — no dust, 
new floor every day. 

Yours very truly, 
(Signed) S. P. GARFIELD, Janitor.